MENTAL RETARDASYON PDF

Objective: Psychotropic drug use in intellectually disabled children is among the most challenging problems in current treatment modalities. The fact that many psychotropic agents fail to exhibit their expected routine action mechanisms, as well as present with unusual and rare side effects in this specifi c population, turns psychopharmacological intervention into a much more diffi cult process. With this study, we have aimed to contribute to existing literature involving pharmacological interventions with psychotropic drug use in children and adolescents, diagnosed with intellectual disability, through a thorough review of evidence-based research in relevant literature, that has been published so far. Results: Although commonly suggested type of intervention of children and adolescents with intellectual disability is special education and to treat the cause of disability, if determined or specifi ed, psychotropic drug use among this specifi c population is not scarce. These agents are especially used much more commonly among children and adolescents that present with symptoms such as aggression, self harm behaviour and self- mutilation, attention defi cit and hyperactivity problems, or symptoms that might be suggestive of depressionor anxiety.

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However, remote access to EBSCO's databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution. Abstract: Sotos syndrome is an excessive growth syndrome and is characterized by macrocephaly, typical facial appearance and mental retardation.

The majority of cases are sporadic, autosomal dominant inheritance pattern matching families have been reported. This rare genetic syndrome firstly described by Sotos et al. Hairline high forehead, macrocephaly, frontal bossing, long and thin face, frontotemporal hair sparseness, down slanting palpebral fissures and prominent mandible creating characteristic facial appearance and advanced bone age and varying degrees of mental retardation are other diagnostic criteria.

Cardiovascular, central nervous system and genitourinary system anomalies may be associated with syndrome. In this case report we presenting a case who admitted to our clinic because of the rapid growth and mild mental retardation and diagnosed with Sotos syndrome for emphasize the importance of growth monitoring. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy.

Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. All rights reserved.

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