LEY 18795 PDF

These two amendments allow the development of the private sector of the economy and transfer of the use of land. Article 3 sets qualifications for the position of technician. Managers of enterprises; Ch. Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account. Henceforward, tools are to be approved by notice in the Gazette. Rules the stated purpose of which is to encourage workers to undertake ,ey studies, raise technical standards, stabilise the labour force and tap the potential of senior technical staff in order to cope with needs that arise from economic construction.

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China - - Ley. The Law concerns the local government structure, functions and procedures. This Decision is made for the second amendment to the Electoral Law, which was adopted on July 1, and amended for the first time on Dec. A consolidated text of the Electoral Law is included in the Decision as an appendix. The Electoral Law contains eleven Chapters, dealing with the number of deputies to the local and national Congresses, zoning of electoral districts and other matters regarding election procedures.

Toxic Chemical Substances Control Act, This Act is enacted to prevent toxic chemical substances from polluting the environment and endangering human health, and to manage all relevant information on domestic chemical substances to serve as a basis for toxic chemical substances screening, selection and assessment.

China - - Otros textos circular, directiva, aviso gubernativo, etc. China - - Reglamento, Decreto, Orden, Ordenanza. Legal Notice The purpose of the Regulations is to control the presence and use of carcinogenic substances in industrial undertakings and to safeguard the health of persons employed therein. They call for periodic medical examinations and the maintenance of health registers, inter alia. Legal Notice of The Regulations provide for the employment in industry of safety officers and safety supervisors, setting forth their qualifications and duties.

Part V lists the responsibilities of proprietors in regard to officers' and supervisors' fulfilment of their duties. The First Schedule contains the types of industrial undertakings to which the Regulations apply currently only construction sites. Provisional Regulations on the implementation of the system of contracts of employment in state-run enterprises, issued by the State Council.

The 34 sections of these Regulations set forth the manner in which the system of engaging workers under contracts of employment is to be administered. This system is to be applied without exception to workers recruited for regular jobs within the labour and wage quotas set by the Government s. Workers engaged under such contracts shall enjoy the same rights as those of permanent workers already working in the enterprise in relation to employment and other matters s.

The Regulations set forth the mandatory contents of a contract of employment s. The grounds on which a contract of employment may be terminated by the enterprise or the worker are spelled out ss.

IV governs benefits of workers engaged under contracts of employment and Chap. VI concerns their retirement benefits. The Regulations also contain administrative provisions Chaps. VI and VII. Entry into force 1 Oct. Provisional Regulations on the dismissal of workers and employees who have violated rules of labour discipline in state-run enterprises, issued by the State Council.

The Regulations provide that a worker or employee may be dismissed if he or she has engaged in certain acts set forth herein and has shown no sign of repentance following education or administrative sanction s. When an enterprise dismisses a worker or employee, the trade union of the enterprise shall be consulted s.

A dismissed worker may appeal to the local labour dispute arbitration committee and then to the local people's court s. A certificate of dismissal enables the worker or employee to go to the labour office to register his or her unemployment s. Provisional Regulations on the recruitment of workers in state-run enterprises, issued by the State Council. These Regulations provide that recruitment of workers by enterprises are to be done in public and open to all. Vacancy notices and lists of candidates having passed the required examination are to be published s.

The basic conditions for recruitment are set forth: 16 years of age, in good health, educational level of junior middle school or above, good character, and passing a comprehensive examination political integrity, knowledge, etc. Women workers shall be recruited "for jobs suitable for women" s. The Regulations also describe the administrative arrangements for handling recruitment activities Chap.

The system of contracts of employment is to apply to recruitment s. Provisional Regulations on unemployment insurance for workers and employees in state-run enterprises, issued by the State Council. Under these Regulations, an Unemployment Insurance Fund is set up, in part to ensure that the basic daily needs of workers and employees in state-run enterprises are met.

The Regulations apply to workers and employees of bankrupt enterprises, those laid off or made redundant by an enterprise on the verge of bankruptcy or undergoing reorganisation during the period fixed by law, those whose contracts of employment have been terminated or cancelled by the enterprise and those who have been dismissed s.

The Regulations provide for contributions to the Fund by workers and enterprises, and set forth the purposes for which payments may be made from the Fund e. Employment services attached to the local labour administrative authorities are in charge of the Fund as well as of providing employment guidance and job referrals for the unemployed s. Since , mobility of technological staff in state owned economic sectors has been allowed in limited circumstances. This Circular reassures and further promotes the mobility of this group of personnel in order to solve the problems of 'idleness, wastage and improper deployment' of technological staff in planning economy.

Shipping and Port Control Amendment Ordinance Various amendments regarding certificates of competency and the granting of exemptions. Defines citizenship, legal persons, civil liability, and application of civil law with regard to foreigners. Sections 98 through provide for personal civil rights, which include right to health, honor, reputation, and image protection from use of portrait or likeness without permission , right of marriage by choice, rights of the disabled, and equality of men and women before the law.

Establishes the wage arrears repayment fund under the control of the central authorities to secure wage payment to employees when employers undergo liquidation or closure.

The purpose of this Law is to regulate economic activities in fishing, and to protect fishing workers' lawful rights and interests Ch. II concerns aquaculture. III provides for fishing. IV deals with fishing resources. V specifies legal liability for compliance with the Law. VI stipulates supplementary provisions. The new provisions are designed to guarantee the autonomy of enterprises with foreign investment in the hiring of personnel and in the determination of wages, insurance and welfare expenses for staff and workers.

Such enterprises may determine their own organisational structure and personnel system and may engage in their own recruitment, which may, with the consent of the Department of Labour and Personnel, extend to outside the locality concerned.

Personnel found not to be qualified for their posts, who have become redundant as a result of production changes or who have caused harm by having violated the rules and regulations of the enterprise may be dismissed.

Wages in such enterprises are to be determined by the board of directors, but shall be no less than per cent of the average wages in state-owned enterprises under similar conditions in the same trade and in the same locality. Wages may be adjusted according to the economic performance of the enterprise.

The enterprise shall contribute to the retirement and unemployment insurance funds and shall pay housing subsidies. Insurance and welfare available to the workers are to be determined in line with relevant provisions issued by the Government.

Employment Amendment Ordinance The Ordinance supplements the Employment Ordinance with a new Part VB and two schedules, providing for long service payments on separation. The amount of the payment depends on the worker's age and length of service. For example, an employee over 40 years of age who has been employed on a continuous basis for five to ten years will be entitled to compensation equivalent to two-thirds of his or her last monthly wage; such compensation will be payable only to persons who are not otherwise eligible for severance pay.

China - - Acuerdo internacional. El decreto-ley sanciona las infracciones con penas de multa, sin perjuicio de las responsabilidades civil y penal de los infractores. Contracts for Overseas Employment Amendment Ordinance Amends the principal Ordinance in a number of respects; prescribes the minimum age of capacity for persons to whom the Ordinance applies to enter into contract of employment outside Hong Kong; enacts further provisions concerning migration from Hong Kong to the United Kingdom for employment purposes; and prescribes penalties for contraventions.

Employees' Compensation Amendment No. An Ordinance to amend the Employees' Compensation Ordinance. Amends the provisions of the principal Ordinance concerning compensation for incapacity or loss of earning capacity sustained by an employee in consequence of injury within the meaning of the Ordinance; defines or redefines the degree of incapacitation for purposes of compensation.

Factories and Industrial Undertakings Amendment Ordinance Requires the person having the management of a "notifiable workplace" as defined in the Ordinance to notify the Commissioner for Labour of particulars of the operations to be carried on at the workplace; empowers the Commissioner to prohibit operations in a workplace not considered suitable in respect of the safety, health and welfare of the employees; and prescribes penalties for contraventions. These rules govern contribution to and management of workers' retirement funds in business entities.

Supervisory procedures for workers' retirement funds. Workers' participation on supervisory committee is guaranteed by the rules. Employees' Compensation Amendment Ordinance Miscellaneous amendments. These rules govern the functions and procedure of the "management-labour conference" to deal with industrial relations in a business entity. Regulations for Implementing Labor-Management Meetings, Protection of Wages on Insolvency Ordinance Chapter Provides for the establishment of a board to administer the Protection of Wages on Insolvency Fund, and for payment of monies from the Fund to employees whose employers become insolvent.

Regulations for the Determination of Basic Wage, Regulations on Leave-Taking of Workers. Enforcement Rules of the Labor Standards Act.

The Rules provide the regulations with implement the LSA. These include the details that have to be included in employment contracts, specifications as to the types of employment contracts.

Amendment to the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, Amends Constitution for the third time, providing several minor changes relating to the growing private sector of the economy. The Act of Special Education. Apprenticeship Periods of Apprenticeship Notice Cap.

Lists the periods of apprenticeship to be served by apprentices in the designated trades found in the Schedule. Provides for a system of forest management and administration, protection of forest, and planning in planting, forestation and logging. Labor Standards Act.

This Law provides basic standards for labour related issues, including labour contracts; wages; work hours, time off and leave; child workers and women workers; retirement; compensation for occupational accidents; apprentices; work rules; supervision and inspection and penaltie for violation of the Law.

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