Agastya uvaca Ashwaanana Mahabuddhe Sarvashastra-vishaarada l Kathitam Lalithaadevyaah caritam paramaadbhutam ll 1 ll. Hayagreeva uvaca LopaamudraapatEgastya saavadhaana manaah shruNu l Naamnaam sahastram yannoktam kaaraNam tadvadaami te ll 12 ll. Dear All: In today's Sep 17, Lalitha Sahastranamam LS chanting, we were fortunate to recite both the Poorva bhagam and the Phala shruti, both of which are rarely recited in most chantings. Sarma for some additional details.
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Agastya uvaca Ashwaanana Mahabuddhe Sarvashastra-vishaarada l Kathitam Lalithaadevyaah caritam paramaadbhutam ll 1 ll. Hayagreeva uvaca LopaamudraapatEgastya saavadhaana manaah shruNu l Naamnaam sahastram yannoktam kaaraNam tadvadaami te ll 12 ll.
Dear All: In today's Sep 17, Lalitha Sahastranamam LS chanting, we were fortunate to recite both the Poorva bhagam and the Phala shruti, both of which are rarely recited in most chantings.
Sarma for some additional details. In the opening verses, which begin with Agastya uvaca, the sage is essentially pleading with Lord Hayagreeva see verse 1 above. Although the Lord has shared many important aspects of how Lalitha devi is worshipped by Her devotees, the Lord has thus far withheld from him the most divine Lalitha Sahastranamam LS. He wonders why and asks the Lord if he is unworthy of receiving the LS.
He wants to know the reason. This is found in verse Lopaamudraarcita Leela-klupta-BrahmaaNda-maNdalaa l l From archana worshipping by reciting namas and adding namah at the end we get arcita.
This devotee named Lopaamudraa worshipped Lalitha devi so many times, and with such great devotion, that Devi Herself came to be known as Lopaamudraarcita. Who is Lopaamudraa? She is none other than the wife of sage Agastya. In fact, according to the legend see link above, article by Sarma , it was the sage Agastya who created her. Once, the sage was walking through a forest and there he unexpectedly met his ancestors. They were suffering and were found hanging upside down from their legs in a deep pit.
Page 2 of Agastya enquired about their plight and they told him who they were and also told him that they would be liberated if he took up family life and begets a son. Agastya, a great yogi, then decided to create the perfect female whom he could marry. It is said that he took different parts from different animals to create this perfect human female. Since something disappeared lopanam, disappearance from each animal in this process, the female created in this way was called Lopaamudraa.
Agastya then gave the female child away to the King of Vidarbha, who had no children. Later, after she grew up and reached marriageable age, Agastya returned and claimed her as his wife. In the interim Lopaamudraa had become the most beautiful and perfect human female and a great devotee of Lalitha devi, so much so that Devi Herself assumed the name of Lopaamudraarcita. With this background, let's see what Lord Hayagreeva tells Agastya when asked why LS had been shared with Agastya and if the sage was unworthy of receiving this divine stotram?
Hayagreeva begins by calling Agastya Lopaamudraapate! Agastya is called by many different names in different places in the LS introduction and in the phalashurti but nowhere else is he called Lopaamudraapate - which means O husband of Lopaamudraa.
Hayagreeva tells Agastya that he is after all the husband of Lopaamudraa not one who created her, but one who married her, just creating her did not guarantee that Agastya would be able to marry her. So, there is no question of any worthiness on Agastya's part. The mere fact that he is the husband of Lopaamudraa, who is such a great devotee of Lalitha devi, means Agastya must be a deserving recipient of LS.
Rather, Agastya had never asked to be instructed in the LS. That was the only reason. The LS is to be guarded as a secret.
It is not to be revealed to everyone - only to those who are devotees and wish to be instructed and make such a request with a great deal of devotion. Page 3 of Now, one should not think the sage Agastya is being praised by Hayagreeva, by calling him Lopaamudraapate.
The real compliment here is for Lopaamudraa. Hayagreeva Himself was meditating on and recalling Lopaamudraa before beginning His instruction. The sage of Kanchi Mahaperiyavaa as he is often called also discusses this point in his discourse on the LS. After receiving the LS from Hayagreeva, Agastya still was not satiated. He knew there was still something more and wanted to hear that as well from Hayagreeva. It is said that Agastya prostrated and grabbed Hayagreeva's feet for a very long time some say for years, you will see why, shortly.
This had not been revealed to Agastya. It too is considered a secret stotram and is shared only when a devotee asks for it. Agastya wanted to be instructed but did not know the name of the stotram that he had not received. Since it has only namas, the Trishati can be recited in a much shorter time. However, the benefits of reciting the Trishati are immense. Some of the namas, which begin with Kakaara roopa KalyaNee KalyaaNagunashaalini, were chanted by Lord Shiva, the others by Devi, and some by the Divine couple, together.
Hence, the ideal recitation of the Trishati would involve the men chanting sections chanted by Devi, the women chanting sections by Lord Shiva, and both joining together to chant sections chanted together by the Divine couple. Someday, I wish, we can make a divine CD which captures such a chant.
Very sincerely V. Laxmanan Sep 17, Page 4 of The namas in Trishati begin with these 15 sounds. Ka 3 times and Ha 2 times are sounds indicating Lord Shiva, Hreem 3 times indicates both Shiva and Shakti and also the Trimurthis, and the remaining seven sounds indicate Shakti. The unique aspect of the composition of this stotram is that twenty 20 names in each group of the Lalita Trishati start from each of the 15 letters which form the Pancha Dasakshari Mantra in the order above.
Lalita Trishathi Stotra is considered as the most secret of the stotras and describes the three hundred names of Goddess Lalitha. The unique composition of the stotra is that each twenty 20 names of Lalita Trishati start from each of the 15 letters which form the Pancha Dasakshari Mantra. In the Phalashruti section, following the namas, Hayagreeva states in sloka number 2 and the first line of sloka 3 that the namas which describe Shiva were chanted by Devi, those describing Devi by Lord Shiva, and those describing both by the Divine couple together.
The sage Agastya then asks verses 6 and 7 which namas pertain to whom. VarNanam means description. These are esoteric secrets to be revealed by a guru. Agastya asks to be instructed into these secrets as well. Hayagreeva then replies as follows verses 9 and The namas starting with ka 3 times and ha 2 times are renowned as the section pertaining to Lord Shiva.
Each group has 20 namas and this constitutes a total of namas. Those starting with Hreem 3 times pertain to both and the remaining 7 times 20 each to Shakti, i. The Lord Hayagreeva also mentions that a devotee must become knowledgeable about this secret as well.
Though the God Vishnu, Shiva and Brhama called the Trimuthi are the most important Gods in Hinduism, there is a very large school of thought which gives primacy to. The followers of Shakthi cult were called Shakteyas. Among this group rose a peculiar group of sages who were called Tantrics. They believed in Shakthi only and worshipped her using a strange method which was not usual for example worshipping a virgin, doing yoga sitting on a corpse and so on.
They preferred acts rather than words mostly. To them the names of Goddess had some divine meaning, which would give them supernatural powers. They also believed in animal and even human sacrifice. From them rose voluminous religious literature dedicated to Shakthi. In these books sounds were considered extremely important. Chanting each sound was believed to result in different powers or benefits. This entire chapter is in the form of conversation between Hayagreeva an avatara of Vishnu with a horse head and Agasthya, who is one of the important saptha rishis.
Agasthya is also the saint who is supposed to have originated the Tamil language by writing its first book of grammar. He was married to Lopamudra. It is believed she became the holy river Kaveri that made South India fertile. Page 9 of Among the stotras in this chapter are the Lalitha Sahasra namam the thousand names of Lalitha and Lalitha Trishathi the Lalitha three hundred.
Lalitha is the name of the goddess meaning, she who can be easily attained or She who is simplicity personified. Adi Shankara has written a bhashyam explanatory text to Laltha Sahasra namam. He also has contributed to Shakteya literature by writing a book called Soundarya Lahari literally waves of beauty.
In the Lalithopakyanam chapter, Hayagreeva teaches Agasthya the famous Lalitha sahasranamam. But Agasthya does not get satisfied because he feels that his teacher has not taught him one another important stotra. Hayagreeva hesitates because that one stotra is extremely secret. Then Lalitha herself appears before Hayagreeva and asks him to teach Agasthya, the most secret of the stotras called Laltha Trishati. She also tells him that this is the Sarva Poorthikara stotra meaning that stotra which completes everything.
Then Hayagreeva thanks his disciple for giving him an opportunity of seeing the Goddess Lalitha herself and teaches him The Lalitha Trishathi stotra.
This stotra recounts the names of the goddess. Twenty names each start from each of the fifteen letters which form the Pancha dasakshari manthra the 15 letter manthra. This manthra is Ka- aa-ee-la-hrim Ha sa-ka-ha-la-hrim Sa-ka-la-hrim The first five letters vaag bhava Koota given in the first line originate from the Mooladhara Literally basic support or the support which is the root which is situated below the vertebral column.
This is supposed to house the baser instincts in man. This manthra entire first line is supposed to rise from Mooladhara like the fire in time of deluge and touch the anahatham the basis for food The second six letters Kama raja koota start from the anahatham with the power and brilliance of billions of sun and touches the Agna chakra Literally the wheel of command. The last four letters Shakthi koota starts from the Agna chakra like the soothing light of billions of moon and touches the Lalata Madhya The center of the forehead.
This series of sounds is supposed to start from the baser instincts Compared to a coiled serpent sleeping in The Mooladhara lights one by one the Stomach , the chest and travels through the Sushmna Nadi and blossoms the Page 10 of
trishatI related Sanskrit Documents in Devanagari script
Translated by P. There is a very large school of thought which gives primacy to Shakthi which is the female aspect of energy of the Gods. The followers of Shakthi were called Shakteyas. Among this group rose a peculiar group of sages who were called Tantrics. They believed in Shakthi only and worshipped her using methods which was not considered "normal", for example worshipping a virgin, doing Yoga sitting on a corpse and so on. They also preferred acts over mostly.
Lalitha Sahastranamam Prologue and Trishati