The Canon of Medicine remained a medical authority for centuries. It set the standards for medicine in Medieval Europe and the Islamic world and was used as a standard medical textbook through the 18th century in Europe. The medical traditions of Galen and thereby Hippocrates , had dominated Islamic medicine from its beginnings. Avicenna sought to fit these traditions into Aristotle 's natural philosophy. The Canon of Medicine is divided into five books: [7].

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Votes No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post. His philosophical views have engaged the attention of Western thinkers over several centuries, and his books have been among the most important sources in philosophy. In medicine, his encyclpedic book, al-Qanun The Canon - Al Qanun Fi Al-Tibb The Canon of Medicine - was translated into Latin towards the end of the twelfth century CE, and became a reference source for medical studies in the universities of Europe until the end of the seventeenth century.

Figure 1. Article Image Banner. Figure 2. Springfield, Illinois; Charles C Thomas, ; p 52a. He was also the first to point out the fact that haematuria may be due to causes outside the urinary system, for example, blood diseases. Apart from the methodical classification and precise descriptions of aetiological factors and signs in his chapter on urinary disturbances, Ibn Sina pointed out the role of psychological factors in the treatment of certain cases of nocturnal nuresis.

Both Ibn Sina and al-Razi warned against catheterization in the presence of inflammation, as it increases the swelling and pain. To ensure gentle catheterisation, Ibn Sina designed catheters with rounded, firm tips and many side holes from the skin of certain marine and other animals. Figure 3.

One of these aspects, however, has not been very widely discussed, namely his views on education. Figure 5. Ibn Sina drawing by A. Suheyl Unver. He speaks about humanity, society, knowledge and ethics. Thereby, Ibn Sina represents a lively illustration of the meeting between philosophy and education, for the educator and the philosopher are both faced with the same problems: truth, goodness, the nature of the world, the meaning of knowledge and human nature, and so on.

Obviously, Ibn Sina the philosopher has his own views on education. In addition, if we consider that Ibn Sina undertook teaching on a practical level for a considerable length of time, we realize that we have here a thinker whose philosophy was transformed into an educational theory that he himself practiced. Known to us is the perceptible human body with its organs and its cells. We still have to look at the mental powers or faculties that motivate this body.

We see Ibn Sina not concerned here with any specific kind of teaching, but merely with creating a happy childhood as regards physical, mental and moral health. As a result, it was said to be one of the most famous medical treatises in Europe, widely used in the universities of Salerno, Montpellier, Bologna and Paris up until the 17th century.

Symptoms are obtained through physical examination of the body at certain moments There are some visible ones such as jaundice and oedema There are some perceptible to the ear such as gurgling of the abdomen in dropsy The foul odour strikes at the sense of smell; for example that of purulent ulcers There are some accessible to taste such as the acidity of the mouth Touch recognizes certain ones; the firmness of cancer.

Figure 7. Courtesy of Google ebooks. It consists of four articles. That is to say the hair and body care; as well as skin diseases and their treatment.

What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and measures for all of these are discussed. It is important to note however, Mustafa b. Ahmed b. It is a literal translation, yet most of the terms of Arabic origin that are found in it have different meanings from those of today.

For this reason, in order to comprehend thoroughly the medicine of Ibn Sina, we must first perform an exhaustive study of the meanings of the medical terms used in the medical literature of the period. Only after this may we wholly understand the old medical texts. Figure The drawing of Ibn Sina on a Libyan stamp. A cura di Giuliano Tamani.

Padova; Editoriale Programma, ; p These woodcut illustrations show authors of classical medical and scientific texts in two vertical columns. In scenes below, physicans appear to be helping patients and instructing others in how to plant and gather herbs.

Avicenna treated spinal deformities using the reduction techniques introduced by Greek physician Hippocrates. Reduction involved the use of pressure and traction to correct bone and joint deformities.

Galen, Ibn Sina, and Hippocrates, the three authorities on medical theory and practice in a woodcut from an early 15th-century Latin medical book. This Website MuslimHeritage. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.

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Dar al-Shifa Hospital and patients inside.


The Canon of Medicine

The Islamic scientific thought developed on the crossroads of the oldest civilizations, in the space of constant tensions and riots. The development of the Islamic golden civilization is marked with the religion Islam and the influence of the Hebrew, Helenistic, Persian, Christian and other traditions and cultures. The Islamic scholastic philosophy revived the ancient Greek philosophy and preserved the heritage of Aristotle and Plato for the European renaissance. One of the greatest names of the falasifa-helenistically inspired philosophy-was Abdullah Ibn sina Avicenna, His opus contains about three hundred works on philosophical topics, 44 on medical, 81 works on astronomy and natural sciences and over 70 works on different religious topics.





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