KANUN ACARA JENAYAH PDF

Dalam coretan terdahulu saya menulis mengenai kes seorang tertuduh yang dituduh di bawah Seksyen Kanun Kesikaan kerana mencederakan pembantu rumah beliau dan Mahkamah Sesyen telah menghukum beliau dengan meletakkan beliau di bawah satu bon kelakuan baik di bawah Seksyen Kanun Prosedur Jenayah setelah beliau mengaku bersalah. Saya percaya pendakwaraya kemudiannya merayu ke atas hukuman yang dijatuhkan ini ke Mahkamah Tinggi atas alasan hukuman yang dijatuhkan adalah tidak memadai atau mungkin tidak selari dengan peruntukkan undang udang yang sedia ada. Mahkamah juga mempunyai budibicara bagi memanggil kes ini bagi tujuan semakan revisionary power di bawah Seksyen Kanun Prosedur Jenayah. The object of revisionary powers of the High Court is to confer upon the High Court a kind of "paternal or supervisory jurisdiction in order to correct or prevent a miscarriage of justice. In a revision the main question to be considered is whether substantial justice has been done or will be done and whether any order made by the lower court should be interfered with in the interest of justice. Prinsip dan objectif bagi revisionary powers oleh mahkamah adalah untuk membetulkan atau menghalang sebarang ketidakadilan undang undang miscarriage of justice berlaku.

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To get the most out of this law bulletin and have full access to judgments and other materials, subscribe to CLJLaw today. Feel free to forward this bulletin to your colleagues. Sign-up to receive this bulletin directly via email. Dibawah s. Kesalahan-kesalahan keselamatan lain seperti kesalahan menjadi ahli kumpulan jenayah terancang di bawah s. Where an issue arises as to the validity of the Public Prosecutor's consent for a criminal proceeding in the Magistrate's Court by virtue of any ambiguity on the face of the copy of the Consent Order so served out on the accused, it is advisable that the prosecution and the defence seek to first resolve the issue by requesting for a physical inspection of the Consent Order in the Court File.

This small step may answer all the obtaining issues, and spare the accused the necessity of raising any preliminary objection thereon, or filing any Notice of Motion to revise any order that might have been made thereby by the Magistrate.

For the purpose of consolidation, a judge of the High Court has the power to transfer any proceedings before him to the same branch of the High Court or to another High Court of co-ordinate jurisdiction.

This said, an order for consolidation under O. Where the questions of law or facts were different and the relevant transactions or series of transactions that gave rise to the reliefs claimed were also different, no order for consolidation could possibly be made by the court; this is notwithstanding the fact that the cases are sharing a common subject matter. CIVIL PROCEDURE: Trial - Procedure - Consolidation of suits - Application for originating summons action to be 'listed' with writ action - Whether court has power to order any transfer of proceedings from one court to another within same branch of High Court - Whether there was common question of law or facts between the two actions to merit a consolidation - Whether originating summons action ought to be heard separately and independent of writ action - Whether issues and reliefs claimed different and distinct - Whether conditions prescribed in O.

It is a fundamental principle of fair play which extends to the court, that all parties are bound by their pleadings. It would be most damaging to our administration and system of justice if parties are allowed to plead a certain complaint, lead evidence on another and the court decides on something entirely different.

Borneo Synergy M Sdn Bhd v. Kong Seng Chai v. Mahkamah perlu mempertimbangkan pelan cadangan yang dikemukakan oleh pihak-pihak dan juga sejarah mengenai bagaimana pemilikan bersama ke atas tanah tersebut wujud dalam suatu permohonan pecah bahagian tanah.

UNDANG-UNDANG TANAH: Hakmilik - Pecah bahagian - Permohonan pecah bahagian tanah yang dimiliki bersama - Ketiadaan persetujuan tuanpunya berdaftar yang lain - Kacau ganggu oleh tuanpunya berdaftar yang lain - Kewujudan rumah kediaman pihak-pihak yang telah didiami oleh mereka sekian lama - Sama ada pihak-pihak akan mendapat ketentuan akan kedudukan kawasan secara muktamad melalui pembahagian - Sama ada pecah bahagian tanah dapat menyekat kacau ganggu yang mungkin menyalahi undang-undang oleh tuanpunya berdaftar yang lain - Sama ada pelan cadangan perlu mendapat kelulusan Jabatan Perancang Bandar.

Kegagalan pihak insuran untuk menyediakan klausa berkenaan penguatkuasaan masa polisi seperti yang dikehendaki oleh pihak-pihak tidak seharusnya dijadikan alasan untuk mengelak tanggungan pihak yang tidak bersalah. PROSEDUR SIVIL: Pembelaan - Kelewatan - Kelewatan dalam pemfailan afidavit jawapan kepada saman pemula dalam tempoh masa yang ditetapkan - Sama ada versi defendan wajar ditolak - Sama ada kelewatan dalam memfailkan afidavit jawapan menyebabkan seolah-olah tiada jawapan atau pembelaan dari defendan - Sama ada terdapat ketidakpatuhan A.

A land application without approval by the land authority does not confer any legal right or interest in the land applied for. As such, a sale and purchase agreement entered before the land application was approved is invalid. A witness must give evidence from his own memory without any influence from any other person, particularly the investigating officer who is also a witness at trial.

It is unsafe to rely on a witness's evidence which suddenly takes a different stance after an afternoon break. CRIMINAL LAW: Accused charged for aiding in the offence of smuggling illegal immigrants - Whether prima facie case has been established by the prosecution - Whether the accused provided speedboat to aid in smuggling illegal immigrants - Police report and photographs of speedboat not produced in Court.

EVIDENCE: Unreliable witness - At trial - Inconsistent testimony in court - Sudden change in witness's evidence - Whether the investigating officer interfered with the witness - Closed-door meeting held with the witness and the investigating officer during the afternoon break - Whether the witness's evidence was influenced by the investigating officer. The concrete supplier cannot be held liable for the quality of workmanship after the concrete had been delivered to the site, especially when the ready-mixed concrete had passed the Slump Test and Cube Test which are the only tests relevant to the supplier's scope of work.

EVIDENCE: Standard of proof for fraud in civil cases - Balance of probabilities - Whether there was cogent evidence to prove that the plaintiff has swapped the Cube Samples or tampered or manipulated the Cube Testing - Whether the allegations of manipulation, tampering, fabrication and fraudulent misrepresentation are mere conjecture or speculation.

Where several accused were charged for murder under s. Aingaran Muniandy v. A transfer of land arising from a sale and purchase transaction predicated upon proper conveyancing documentation such as an agreement prepared and attested by a solicitor and the due execution of Form 14A and a Power of Attorney, and supported by evidence of payment of consideration for the sale, must, in the absence of misrepresentation, forgery or fraud, constitute a good and valid transfer to the transferee.

That being so it follows that the subsequent immediate transferee too acquires an indefeasible title to the land. LAND LAW: Transfer - Validity - Sale and purchase of land - Whether transfer of land for security for loans - Whether genuine sale and purchase transaction - Whether allegation of forgery proven - Whether authenticity of signatures on documents established - Whether transfer of land valid - Whether subsequent owner obtained indefeasible title to land - National Land Code, s.

Where a supplier of goods undertakes to supply specialised equipment to a buyer based on warranties vis-a-vis its claimed performance or functionality, and then gives assurances to the buyer that the equipment also complies with specific laws by which the equipment or its use is regulated, which thereby induces the buyer to enter into a contract with the supplier, then, the supplier may be liable for both breach of contract and negligence if the equipment not only fails to serve the function for which it was purchased, but had also given rise to situations which violate its governing laws or regulations.

Master Jaya Environmental Sdn Bhd v. CONTRACT: Breach - Warranty and guarantee - Claim for losses and damages - Purchaser bought specialised equipment for air pollution control from seller - Whether seller's scrubber system not fit for its purpose - Whether purchaser suffered loss of profits due to suspensions by Malaysian Department of Environment - Whether purchaser suffered losses and damages due to seller's negligence resulting in explosion at purchaser's plant - Whether seller complied with all terms and obligations of contract - Whether seller vicariously liable for negligence of its sub-contractors - Whether trial judge correct in assessing quantum of damages.

It is an established presumption in law that parties to a contract do not intend that either party could rely on its own wrong doing or breach of obligations to avoid a contract or obtain a benefit under it.

It is also axiomatic that the court must give effect to the clear intention of parties, and that litigants cannot be allowed to approbate and reprobate. INSURANCE: Claims - Reinsurance agreements - Payments of claims receivable under reinsurance agreements - Failure to adhere to reinsurance agreements - Allegation of - Whether there was net due to plaintiffs under reinsurance agreements - Whether plaintiffs failed to make payment of premium to defendant.

A resolution passed to remove a company director may be null and void if the special notice and notice of EGM sent out for the purpose runs short of the 14 clear days required by ss.

Mondelez Malaysia Sdn Bhd v. MTD Capital Bhd v. A landowner whose land is used for a business engaged in an industry that discharges industrial effluent bears a duty of care to take reasonable steps to prevent the effluent from spilling over or diffusing or pervading into a neighbour's land. Petronas Gas Bhd v. TORT: Negligence - Damages - Land use expressed to be for gas and petroleum substance gaslines and related facilities - Industrial effluent from adjoining land causing damage to pipeline - Whether neighbouring factory released industrial effluent into land - Whether discharge from neighbouring factory could reach pipeline - Whether neighbouring factory owed duty of care to land owner - Failure to take reasonable care in preventing highly acidic industrial effluent from being discharged into land - Whether there was breach of duty of care.

TORT: Trespass - Trespass to land - Land use expressed to be for gas and petroleum substance gaslines and related facilities - Industrial effluent from adjoining land causing damage to pipeline - Whether neighbouring factory constructed fitting on land without consent - Whether neighbouring factory released industrial effluent into land - Whether neighbouring factory liable for trespass.

An order of mandamus can only be issued to enforce the performance of a public duty where there has been a failure to perform the same, and not to merely compel the exercise of power by any person or authority. An order of mandamus, further, cannot be issued if the prerequisite conditions under s. Tiffany Chau v. Wong Yee Boon v.

CONTRACT: Agreement - Claim for payment - Appellant engaged by respondent to procure sub-contract work from main sub-contractor - Appellant's quotation rejected by main sub-contractor - Respondent directly dealt with main sub-contractor and secured sub-contract works - Whether appellant entitled to payment under agreement - Whether appellant fulfilled obligation under agreement - Whether agreement illegal - Contracts Act , s.

CONTRACT: Illegality - Agreement - Appellant engaged by respondent to procure sub-contract work from main sub-contractor - Whether agreement involved influence peddling - Whether influence peddling used on private entity - Whether agreement in contravention of public policy - Whether agreement engendered corruption - Whether agreement illegal - Contracts Act , s. The basic principle of construction of contracts is that effect must be given to the intention of the parties. This requires an objective test and not a subjective approach, and the solution to be found should be reasonable and realistic.

To ascertain the intention of the parties, the court must read the terms of the contract as a whole including the recital to the agreement if any, must not take a simplistic approach to the issues at hand, and must not fixate on one particular word or phrase or clause to the neglect of the overall purpose of the document.

CONTRACT: Parties - Intention - Employees residents of estate and former employees of owner of estate - Owner sold estate to company - Employment of employees terminated - Company and owner of estate entered into settlement agreement - Settlement agreement contained clause for termination and lay-off benefits and for services rendered as former employees - Whether settlement agreement constructive trust - Whether employees stranger to settlement agreement. TRUSTS: Constructive trusts - Intention - Employees residents of estate and former employees of owner of estate - Owner sold estate to company - Employment of employees terminated - Company and owner of estate entered into settlement agreement - Settlement agreement contained clause for termination and lay-off benefits and for services rendered as former employees - Whether employees stranger to settlement agreement - Whether settlement agreement constructive trust - Whether company and owner of estate intended for there to be constructive trust - Whether there was breach of trust.

Pembelaan res judicata yang didasarkan kepada issue estoppel adalah tidak bermerit dan tidak boleh berbangkit jika isu yang dikatakan terpalit issue estoppel tersebut belum diputuskan secara muktamad dalam keputusan terdahulu; sementelah, jika fakta kes dan pliding di hadapan mahkamah menunjukkan bahawa isu yang tersebut itu sebenarnya tidak pernah diputuskan oleh mahkamah terdahulu.

Dalam halkeadaan sebegini, prinsip ' res judicata in its wider sense ' adalah juga tidak terpakai. Kompleks Perkayuan Kelantan Sdn Bhd lwn. PROSEDUR SIVIL: Res judicata - Sama ada terpakai - Perjanjian pengeluaran balak - Tuntutan hutang bawah perjanjian - Tuntutan hutang turut dibuat dalam dua guaman lain yang menolak tuntutan - Hakim bicara mendasarkan keputusan tuntutan semasa pada dua guaman lain dalam menolak tuntutan - Sama ada keputusan dalam dua guaman lain muktamad - Sama ada pihak-pihak dalam tuntutan semasa sama dengan pihak-pihak dalam dua guaman lain - Sama ada kausa tindakan dalam tuntutan semasa sama dengan kausa tindakan dalam dua guaman lain - Sama ada prinsip res judicata terpakai - Sama ada tuntutan terhalang oleh prinsip res judicata - Sama ada terdapat merit dalam tuntutan mewajarkan pertimbangan kehakiman.

KONTRAK: Perjanjian - Perjanjian pengeluaran balak - Tuntutan hutang bawah perjanjian - Tuntutan hutang dibuat dalam dua guaman lain yang menolak tuntutan - Hakim bicara mendasarkan keputusan pada dua guaman lain dalam menolak tuntutan hutang - Sama ada prinsip res judicata terpakai - Sama ada tuntutan terhalang oleh prinsip res judicata - Sama ada terdapat merit dalam tuntutan mewajarkan pertimbangan kehakiman.

Raman Shunmugham lwn. What this means is that the venue or seat of arbitration has no relevance to Malaysia's domestic arbitration. It also means that, irrespective of the locality of the issuance of the award, both the High Courts in Sabah and Sarawak and in Malaya are seized with jurisdiction to decide on an application to challenge an arbitration award.

Sabanilam Enterprise Sdn Bhd v. Section 18C of the Societies Act expressly excludes the jurisdiction of the courts in matters relating to decisions made by disputing parties of a political party. Money laundering and criminal breach of trust are two separate and distinct offences. The plea of autrefois acquit or double jeopardy therefore cannot apply to the cases and the prosecution cannot be estopped from pursuing money laundering charges against an accused just because he was acquitted of the said predicate offence under s.

How Chee Hong v. Modern Freight Express v. I take this opportunity to thank the Secretary of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, Ms Anna Joubin-Bret, for inviting me to attend on the basis of my relevant experience and knowledge on the subject matter.

On that basis, I would like to pen down some of my thoughts for the consideration of the distinguished and learned members attending this colloquium organised by the Commission UNCITRAL which has international significance. For a start, I must say that the civil recovery system will be most efficient if aggrieved persons, be it private parties or sovereign States, are given the opportunity to bring civil and quasi -criminal proceedings by mode of civil suit, not only in the country of origin where the tort or crimes were committed but also in other countries where the assets have been transferred to.

This Commission must recognise the emergence of the 'kleptocracy regime' as the biggest threat to misappropriation of private as well as public assets by corrupt individuals and institutions. Malaysia, as a former British colony, has inherited much of its trusts law from the English.

This gives rise to an interesting interaction between the two sets of laws in the modern day. On the one hand, English case law remains highly persuasive post-independence.

After all, the applicability of English law was preserved by s. On the other hand, the Constitution Amendment Act abolished civil appeals to the Privy Council, and this means that decisions of higher local courts [1] bind lower local courts.

In combination, these interactions raise interesting but difficult questions where English and Malaysian law is uncertain. One notoriously difficult area of trusts law is constructive trusts. Precisely when and why constructive trusts arise are fundamental but imperfectly understood matters.

This is unfortunate, because the lack of understanding might, in practice, be critically relevant for the determination of liability. To illustrate, consider the ongoing infamous '1MDB' saga. Email: ying. I thank Tang Hang-Wu for his comments on an earlier draft. He provided an overview of the ACTGS' year journey meeting the changing demands of an increasingly complex Territory.

Today we are celebrating the role that government lawyers have in the provision of legal services. See Ethos No. To view previous issues of the CLJ Bulletin, Click here If you no longer wish to receive this email in the future, you may unsubscribe. Back to Top Print this page. CONTRACT CONTRACT: Breach - Warranty and guarantee - Claim for losses and damages - Purchaser bought specialised equipment for air pollution control from seller - Whether seller's scrubber system not fit for its purpose - Whether purchaser suffered loss of profits due to suspensions by Malaysian Department of Environment - Whether purchaser suffered losses and damages due to seller's negligence resulting in explosion at purchaser's plant - Whether seller complied with all terms and obligations of contract - Whether seller vicariously liable for negligence of its sub-contractors - Whether trial judge correct in assessing quantum of damages.

TORT TORT: Negligence - Damages - Land use expressed to be for gas and petroleum substance gaslines and related facilities - Industrial effluent from adjoining land causing damage to pipeline - Whether neighbouring factory released industrial effluent into land - Whether discharge from neighbouring factory could reach pipeline - Whether neighbouring factory owed duty of care to land owner - Failure to take reasonable care in preventing highly acidic industrial effluent from being discharged into land - Whether there was breach of duty of care TORT: Trespass - Trespass to land - Land use expressed to be for gas and petroleum substance gaslines and related facilities - Industrial effluent from adjoining land causing damage to pipeline - Whether neighbouring factory constructed fitting on land without consent - Whether neighbouring factory released industrial effluent into land - Whether neighbouring factory liable for trespass.

CONTRACT CONTRACT: Agreement - Claim for payment - Appellant engaged by respondent to procure sub-contract work from main sub-contractor - Appellant's quotation rejected by main sub-contractor - Respondent directly dealt with main sub-contractor and secured sub-contract works - Whether appellant entitled to payment under agreement - Whether appellant fulfilled obligation under agreement - Whether agreement illegal - Contracts Act , s. Print this page. Please subscribe to cljlaw or login for the full article.

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To get the most out of this law bulletin and have full access to judgments and other materials, subscribe to CLJLaw today. Feel free to forward this bulletin to your colleagues. Sign-up to receive this bulletin directly via email. Dibawah s. Kesalahan-kesalahan keselamatan lain seperti kesalahan menjadi ahli kumpulan jenayah terancang di bawah s. Where an issue arises as to the validity of the Public Prosecutor's consent for a criminal proceeding in the Magistrate's Court by virtue of any ambiguity on the face of the copy of the Consent Order so served out on the accused, it is advisable that the prosecution and the defence seek to first resolve the issue by requesting for a physical inspection of the Consent Order in the Court File.

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