An Essay Concerning Human Understanding is a work by John Locke concerning the foundation of human knowledge and understanding. It first appeared in although dated with the printed title An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. He describes the mind at birth as a blank slate tabula rasa , although he did not use those actual words filled later through experience. The essay was one of the principal sources of empiricism in modern philosophy, and influenced many enlightenment philosophers, such as David Hume and George Berkeley. Book I of the Essay is Locke's attempt to refute the rationalist notion of innate ideas. Book II sets out Locke's theory of ideas, including his distinction between passively acquired simple ideas , such as "red," "sweet," "round," etc.
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Mostenirea sa intelectuala este de nepretuit, atat ca teoretician al empirismului, cat si ca ganditor fondator al liberalismului clasic, teorie ce sta la baza ideologiilor politice de centru-dreapta din zilele noastre.
In capodopera sa ,,Eseu asupra intelectului omenesc, Locke a sustinut ca intreaga noastra cunoastere se bazeaza pe experienta si este dobandita prin intermediul simturilor; insa mesajul sau a fost, in mod curios, interpretat gresit. In aceasta carte, John Dunn arata cum a ajuns Locke la teoria sa despre cunoastere si elucideaza articulatiile acestei viziuni epistemologice. Este discutata, de asemenea, teoria politica contractualista a lui John Locke, punandu-se accentul pe felul in care tezele lui Locke despre valorile liberale ale tolerantei si guvernarii responsabile au format coloana vertebrala a gandirii iluministe europene din secolul al XVIII-lea.
On Education. What is education for? Should it produce workers or educate future citizens? Is there a place for faith schools - and should patriotism be taught? In this compelling and controversial book, Harry Brighouse takes on all these urgent questions and more.
He argues that children share four fundamental interests: the ability to make their own judgements about what values to adopt; acquiring the skills that will enable them to become economically self-sufficient as adults; being exposed to a range of activities and experiences that will enable them to flourish in their personal lives; and developing a sense of justice. He criticises sharply those who place the interests of the economy before those of children, and assesses the arguments for and against the controversial issues of faith schools and the teaching of patriotism.
Clearly argued but provocative, On Education draws on recent examples from Britain and North America as well as famous thinkers on education such as Aristotle and John Locke. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the present state of education and its future.
In the influential essays included in this volume, the renowned English philosopher John Locke advocated a more "modernized" course of education. Focusing on the curriculum, the stimulation of children's interests and imagination, and the function of play, he showed how to instill virtue and morality in children, rather than merely pumping them full of information and facts.
From the ineffectiveness of physical punishment to the best methods of teaching foreign languages and table manners, these essays comprise an enlightened view of childhood and education that revolutionized educational theory. Locke stressed the teaching of rational thinking, moral dependability, and social grace in the classroom, with the aim of helping students to not only reflect but take action. Locke's writings on education are enlightening reading for philosophy students, teachers, and for anyone interested in educational reform.
Ever since children have learned to read, there has been children s literature. The only single-volume work to capture the rich and diverse history of children s literature in its full panorama, this extraordinary book reveals why J.
Tolkien, Dr. Seuss, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Beatrix Potter, and many others, despite their divergent styles and subject matter, have all resonated with generations of readers.
Lerer has accomplished something magical. Unlike the many handbooks to children s literature that synopsize, evaluate, or otherwise guide adults in the selection of materials for children, this work presents a true critical history of the genre. Scholarly, erudite, and all but exhaustive, it is also entertaining and accessible. Lerer takes his subject seriously without making it dull. Among the most influential writings in the history of Western political thought, John Locke's Two Treatises of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration remain vital to political debates today, more than three centuries after they were written.
The complete texts appear in this volume, accompanied by interpretive essays by three prominent Locke scholars. Ian Shapiro's introduction places Locke's political writings in historical and biographical context. John Dunn explores both the intellectual context in which Locke wrote the Two Treatises of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration and the major interpretive controversies surrounding their meaning.
Ruth Grant offers a comprehensive discussion of Locke's views on women and the family, and Shapiro contributes an essay on the democratic elements of Locke's political theory. Taken together, the texts and essays in this volume offer invaluable insights into the history of ideas and the enduring influence of Locke's political thought. The Future of Liberalism. A compelling and deeply felt exploration and defense of liberalism: what it actually is, why it is relevant today, and how it can help our society chart a forward course.
The Future of Liberalism represents the culmination of four decades of thinking and writing about contemporary politics by Alan Wolfe, one of America's leading scholars, hailed by one critic as "one of liberalism's last and most loyal sons. Wolfe also examines those who have challenged liberalism since its inception, from Jean-Jacques Rousseau to modern conservatives, religious fundamentalists, and evolutionary theorists such as Richard Dawkins.
He analyzes and applauds liberalism's capacious conception of The rise and fall of British Empiricism is philosophy's most dramatic example of pushing premises to their logical--and fatal--conclusions.
Born in with the appearance of Locke's Essay, Empiricism flourished as the reigning school until when Hume's Treatise strangled it with its own cinctures after a period of Berkeley's optimistic idealism. The Empiricists collects the key writings on this important philosophy, perfect for those interested in learning about this movement with just one book. The Godless Constitution is a ringing rebuke to the religious right's attempts, fueled by misguided and inaccurate interpretations of American history, to dismantle the wall between church and state erected by the country's founders.
The authors, both distinguished scholars, revisit the historical roots of American religious freedom, paying particular attention to such figures as John Locke, Roger Williams, and especially Thomas Jefferson, and examine the controversies, up to the present day, over the proper place of religion in our political life.
With a new chapter that explores the role of religion in the public life of George W. Bush's America, The Godless Constitution offers a bracing return to the first principles of American governance. The firm leased him a BMW, paid off his school loans, arranged a mortgage, and hired the McDeeres a decorator. Mitch should have remembered what his brother Ray-doing fifteen years in a Tennessee jail-already knew: You never get nothing for nothing.
Now the FBI has the lowdown on Mitch's firm and needs his help. Mitch is caught between a rock and a hard place, with no choice-if he wants to live.
Black Voices. A comprehensive and impressive primer, this anthology presents some of the greatest and most enduring work born out of the African-American experience in the United States.
Contributors Include: Sterling A. BrownCharles W. Turner As well as: Lerone Bennett, Jr. Frank London BrownArthur P. SternSterling StuckeyMelvin B. John Locke laid the groundwork of modern liberalism. He argued that political societies exist to defend the lives, liberties and properties of their citizens and that no government has any authority except by the consent of the people. When rulers became tyrants and act against the common good, then the people have the right of revolution against them.
Writing against the backdrop of Charles II's savage purge of the Whig movement, Locke set out to attack the fabric of the divine right of rulers. The rights of property- owners, of Native Americans, and of women and children, the need for economic improvement, the separation of commands, and the nature and limits of consent--these are all topics within Locke's compass and make this book the subject of intense debate.
This is the first modernized edition of the Two Treatises based on Locke's own corrected text as he left it for posterity at his death. It includes an introduction, chronology of Locke's life and times, extensive glossary and keyword index. This is a new revised version of Dr. Laslett's standard edition of Two Treatises. First published in , and based on an analysis of the whole body of Locke's publications, writings, and papers.
The Introduction and text have been revised to incorporate references to recent scholarship since the second edition and the bibliography has been updated. The Real World of Democratic Theory. In this book Ian Shapiro develops and extends arguments that have established him as one of today's leading democratic theorists.
Shapiro is hardheaded about the realities of politics and power, and the difficulties of fighting injustice and oppression. Yet he makes a compelling case that democracy's legitimacy depends on pressing it into the service of resisting domination, and that democratic theorists must rise to the occasion of fashioning the necessary tools. That vital agenda motivates the arguments of this book. Tracing modern democracy's roots to John Locke and the American founders, Shapiro shows that they saw more deeply into the dynamics of democratic politics than have many of their successors.
Drawing on Lockean and Madisonian insights, Shapiro evaluates democracy's changing global fortunes over the past two decades. He also shows how elusive democracy can be by exploring the contrast between its successful establishment in South Africa and its failures elsewhere--particularly the Middle East.
Shapiro spells out the implications of his account for long-standing debates about public opinion, judicial review, abortion, and inherited wealth--as well as more recent The Second Treatise of Civil Government.
As one of the early Enlightenment philosophers in England, John Locke sought to bring reason and critical intelligence to the discussion of the origins of civil society. Endeavoring to reconstruct the nature and purpose of government, a social contract theory is proposed. The Second Treatise sets forth a detailed discussion of how civil society came to be and the nature of its inception.
Locke's discussion of tacit consent, separation of powers, and the right of citizens to revolt against repressive governments, has made The Second Treatise one of the most influential essays in the history of political philosophy. The Law was originally published in French in this translation to English is from by Frederic Bastiat. It was written two years after the third French Revolution of and a few months before his death of tuberculosis at age It is the work for which Bastiat is most famous.
A Rogue of My Own. In 1 New York Times bestselling author Johanna Lindsey's captivating regency romance, an innocent young lady's first brush with royal court intrigue lands her at the altar alongside one of London's most notorious rogues.
For Lady Rebecca Marshall, a whirlwind of excitement begins when she becomes a maid of honor at the court of Queen Victoria. But when Rebecca unknowingly steps into the rivalry between the Queen's spymaster and a noblewoman who uses the maids as courtly spies, she is soon entangled in a web of deceit with the charming marquis Rupert St. The devastatingly handsome ne'er-do-well is the cousin of Raphael Locke, with whom Rebecca was once infatuated He's also a secret agent of the crown who leads a double life.
Certain that guileless Rebecca is spying on him, Rupert seduces her--then, forced to wed, he believes she has set a trap of the worst sort in order to marry into his powerful family But as he comes to know Rebecca's true heart, his vow of revenge and infidelity becomes a desire to share many passionate nights--only with his beautiful wife.
There has been a deliberate effort over the past years to change the worldview of Americans from a liberty and constitutionally focused world view, based on the writings of Englishman John Locke, to that of government control of the individual based on the writings of Frenchman Jean Jacque Rousseau.
Rousseau's model of state control now dominates government policy and America's worldview, and the free market, civil liberties and protections guaranteed by the United States Constitution are being destroyed. The Rousseau worldview dominates our education, judicial, media, and legislative institutions with what is called progressivism. This leads to socialism, fascism, and even communism. It is what has inflamed the backlash known as the tea party movement.
There is hope, however. Although seriously weakened, the Constitution still stands, and its protections are still in most laws at the federal and state level that offers protections for local communities that are generally unknown to most people--even attorneys. Rescuing A Broken America explains why Americans are so divided, how the destruction of liberty occurred, who is behind it, and how Americans can stop this destruction Saving Rachel.
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