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Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council. Table of Contents. Glossary of definitions, acronyms and abbreviations Glossary of definitions, acronyms and abbreviations. What is the problem and why is it a problem? Policy Context. Market Context. Evalu ation of the Regulation. Problem definition. What are the problem drivers? Problem driver 1: Restricted access to national inter-urban markets. Problem driver 2: Excessive administrative costs of entry.

Problem d river 3: Restricted access to key infrastructure. Who is affected by the problem, in what ways, and to what extent? What is the EU dimension of the problem? How would the problem evolve, all things being equal?

Why should the EU act? Legal Basis. Nec essity test. EU added value test. What should be achieved? General policy objective. Specific objectives. What are the various options to achieve the objectives? Retained policy measures. Identification of possible policy packages. Identification of a list of market access policy options. Identification of a list of terminal access policy options. What are the impacts of the different policy options and who will be affected?

Impacts of policy options to address excessive administration costs of entry and market access problems. Economic impacts. Environmental impacts. Social impacts. I mpacts of policy options to address terminal access problems. How do the options compare? Effectiveness and efficiency. Proportionality of the preferred option. Conclusion of the comparison of options and combined effects. How would actual impacts be monitored and evaluated? Annex 1: Procedural information concerning the process to prepare the impact assessment report and the related initiative.

Annex 2: Stakeholder consultation synopsis report. Annex 3: Who is affected by the initiative and how? Annex 4: Analytical model used in preparing the impact assessment Annex 4: Analytical mode l used in preparing the impact assessment Annex 6: Discarded policy measures Annex 6: Dis carded policy measures Glossary of definitions, acronyms and abbreviations.

Global Industry Association of Road Transport. Public Service Contract means one or more legally binding acts confirming the agreement between a competent authority and a public service operator to entrust to that public service operator the management and operation of public passenger transport services subject to public service obligations; depending on the law of the Member State, the contract may also consist of a decision adopted by the competent authority:.

Public Service Obligation means a requirement defined or determined by a competent authority in order to ensure public passenger transport services in the general interest that an operator, if it were considering its own commercial interests, would not assume or would not assume to the same extent or under the same conditions without reward. Railway Information Measuring and Monitoring System.

The Regulation forms part of a common EU legal framework for efficient, fair and sustainable road transport. Within the framework the Regulation is closely related to the legislation on access to the occupation o f road transport operator 2 and social rules for road transport operators the Driving Time Regulation 3 , Road Transport Working Time Directive 4 , the Enforcement Directive 5 , and the Tachograph Regulation 6 which together set the legal framework for road passenger transport operators to operate in the EU.

This initiative is part of a broader review of the existing legislation applying to road transport. The objective of the review is to update and improve the existing legislation so that it continues to ac hieve its objectives without undue burdens. Together, these initiatives consider a range of different options, with mutually reinforcing measures, which ultimately should improve the efficiency, fairness and sustainability of road transport.

For road passe nger transport operations the interaction of this initiative and initiatives on access to the occupation, social rules and the Eurovignette 7 are closely linked. This package is further described in Annex 5. This impact assessment concerns a new REFIT initi ative regulatory fitness and performance revision of current law 8 that aims to simplify and reduce regulatory costs while maintaining benefits.

This initiative is closely linked with the Communi cation of the Commission of 31 May, 'Europe on the Move' 9 , which aims to make transport cleaner, more connected and competitive. Bus and coach services have the possibility of contributing to all these objectives by providing better services to citizens.

The internal market is not yet complete and barriers remain, notably in the area of services. The integration of the European Union EU transport market remains low in comparison to other parts of the economy and a genuine EU-wide internal market exists only in air transport, while other transport modes, including road, suffer from different degrees of fragmentation along national borders.

This will help the EU transport policy remains the creation of a single European transport area, to help the EU stay competitive by optimising the performance of the entire transport sector for the benefit of all while safeguarding safety, security and the environment. It acknowledges that curbing mobility is not an option and that new transport patterns must emerge, according to which greater numbers of travellers are carried jointly to their destination by the most efficient combination of modes.

These Regulations were consolidated by the Regulation which provides the conditions for the international carriage of passengers by coach and bus services with in the EU by carriers for hire and reward. Together, these three regulations establish the conditions for accessing the profession and for accessing the markets for transport of goods and people by road and aim to support the completion of the internal market in road transport, its efficiency and competitiveness.

The scope of the Regulation covers the international carriage of passengers by coach and bus within the EU by carriers for hire and reward in possession of a Community licence or by own-account carriers established in a Member State. The regulation provides for the opening of the markets for the following services:. Regular services means services which provide for the carriage of passengers at specified intervals along specified routes, passengers being picked up and set down at predetermined stopping points.

Typical example: Regular, scheduled service open to all passengers, such as Eurolines services between Member States. Subject to authorisation granted by the competent authorities of the MSs concerned. Special regular services mean regular services, by whosoever organised, which provide for the carriage of specified categories of passengers to the exclusion of other passengers.

Typical examples: Regular, scheduled service not open to all passengers, such as:. Not subject to authorisation where they are covered by a contract concluded between the organiser and the carrier. Occasional services means services which do not fall within the definition of regular services, including special regular services, and the main characteristic of which is the carriage of groups of passengers constituted on the initiative of the customer or the carrier himself.

Typical examples: Multi-day visit or tour requested by a customer or offered by a carrier. Excursion or day trip requested by a customer or offered by a carrier. Local excursion or day trip offered to those already on a multi-day visit. The Regulation lays down the provisions to be complied with by undertakings that wish to operate on the international road passenger transport market and on national markets other than their own known as cabotage operations.

The picking up and setting down of passengers within the same MS, in the course of a regular international service provided that:. Liberalised from any specific authorisation if carried out on a temporary basis and covered by a contract concluded between the organiser and the carrier.

It includes provisions related to the documents to be issued to such carriers by the Member State of registration Community licence and by the authorising authority Authorisation for a regular service. It sets down provisions regarding the sanctioning of infringements and cooperation between Member States in that context. The Regulation has the following general objectives :. No rules have been adopted so far at EU level as regards access to the national markets for regular services by coach and bus except cabotage operations which are part of an international service and therefore the operation of national services is otherwise subject to the laws, regulations or administrative provisions of the Member States.

This initiative should be seen as complementary to several parallel initiatives in the review of road transport legislation as part of the mobility package. Market and social issues in the road passenger transport sector are likely to become more interdependent because market opening tends to increase competitive pressure on operators and their mobile workers. Addressing these issues requires a holistic approach whereby the social, internal market and posting of workers' rules are considered together to ensure both fair working conditions for drivers and fair competition between operators.

It is also closely linked with the road charging initiatives which propose to include coaches in the Eurovignette Directive and contribute to a level playing field in particular with rail. Therefore, this initiative on access to the coach market is part of a co-ordinated response to both the social and market challenges faced.

The P WD revision deals with general issues, such as broader set of remuneration rules or maximum periods of posting to be applied to all sectors. This initiative is also complementary to the specific rules proposed by the Commission on 31 May 16 for the appl ication of posting rules to workers in road transport.

This proposal addresses the risks of inadequate working conditions for drivers, including terms and conditions of employment, and at the same time mitigating the excessive regulatory burdens on operato rs and preventing distortions of competition. The overarching goal is to ensure a balance between adequate working conditions for drivers and freedom to provide cross-border services for operators.

The international and national markets for inter-urban regular coach services play an important role in passenger transport. Coach is an economical, efficient and sustainable 17 mode of transport which can contribute to reducing emissions from transport and to improving accessibility for citizens on low income or living in isolated and low population density regions with no rail services.

In , the bus and coach transport activity expressed in passenger-kilometre represented 8. Table 2 3 : Modal split of passenger transport Modal split of passenger transport on land in The scope, quality and availability of data vary widely across Member States. There are inconsistencies across Member States in the definition of services regular, international regular, special regular and occasional and the distinction between bus usually urban and coach services usually inter-urban.

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