Since its publication, C. Gauss's Disquisitiones Arithmeticae has acquired an almost mythical reputation, standing as an ideal of exposition in notation, problems and methods; as a model of organisation and theory building; and as a source of mathematical inspiration. Eighteen authors - mathematicians, historians, philosophers - have collaborated in this volume to assess the impact of the Disquisitiones, in the two centuries since its publication. Her research aims at developing a social history of mathematical practices and results, combining close readings and a network analysis of texts. Her current projects include the study of mathematical sciences through World War I and of experimentation in XVII th-century number theory. His mathematical interests relate to the arithmetic of elliptic curves.
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Whereas Euler was the most prolific mathematician of the eighteenth century, Gauss was the most profound. His motto, "pauca sed matura" "few, but ripe" , reflected his belief that one should publish only the most developed and complete expositions of results as possible.
His most influential work was in number theory. Disquisitiones Arithmeticae was remarkable in the number and difficulty of problems it solved and still remains a useful introduction and guide to development of the number theory. In addition to his important contributions to physics and astronomy, Gauss was also an early contributor to the theory of statistics--his method of least squares and results concerning the "Gaussian" or normal curve are still essential today.
Arthur C. Clarke was born in Minehead, Somerset, England, on December 16, He graduated from King's College in London with honors in physics and mathematics, and worked in scientific research before turning his attention to writing fiction. His first book, Prelude to Space, was published in He is best known for his book A Space Odyssey, which was later turned into a highly successful and controversial film under the direction of Stanley Kubrick.
During his lifetime, he received at least three Hugo Awards and two Nebula Awards. He died of heart failure on March 19, at the age of Disquisitiones Arithmeticae.
Carl Friedrich Gauss. The first translation into English of the standard work on the theory of numbers by one of the greatest masters of modern mathematical analysis, this classic was first published in in Latin. It has continued to be important to mathematicians as the source of the ideas from which number theory was developed and to students of the history of the electrical, astronomical, and engineering sciences, which were furthered by Gauss' application of his mathematical principles to these fields.
Father Clarke has achieved a sympathetic and faithful translation of this monumental work. The book is complete and unabridged, and a bibliography of the references cited by Gauss has been added by the translator. The appearance of an English version of this classic is most welcome. Disquisitiones Arithmeticae Carl F. Arthur A. Clarke , Arthur C.
The Disquisitiones Arithmeticae Latin for "Arithmetical Investigations" is a textbook of number theory written in Latin  by Carl Friedrich Gauss in when Gauss was 21 and first published in when he was It is notable for having had a revolutionary impact on the field of number theory as it not only made the field truly rigorous and systematic but also paved the path for modern number theory. In this book Gauss brought together and reconciled results in number theory obtained by mathematicians such as Fermat , Euler , Lagrange , and Legendre and added many profound and original results of his own. The Disquisitiones covers both elementary number theory and parts of the area of mathematics now called algebraic number theory.