G Initial System Training. General Operational Subjects. NOTE: Appropriate guidelines for the format and content of a curriculum, segments, modules, events, and elements may be found in NOTE: Except when required for safety reasons, revisions should be submitted a minimum of 60 days before the expected implementation date.
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Refer to Volume 5, Chapter 3, Section 2. Sample as many non-normal and emergency procedures as needed to evaluate performance:. Table , Part Checking Modules—Airplanes. Both PIC and SIC may be evaluated performing their assigned duties in these events simultaneously when the check pilot is not seated at the controls. May be waived at the discretion of the principal operations inspector POI and the check airman when the check is not simultaneously conducted for certification.
May be waived at the discretion of the POI and the check airman when the check is not conducted in conjunction with initial new-hire or initial equipment training. See Volume 5, Chapter 3, Section 2. The applicant must demonstrate the ability to use all installed equipment including autopilots APs and flight directors.
In multiengine airplanes, an engine-out instrument landing system ILS may be substituted for the normal ILS at the option of the inspector or check airman administering the check. POIs must ensure applicants accomplish this event in an aircraft the operator uses in revenue operations or in an appropriately equipped simulator or training device.
The event should reflect a realistic course of action the pilot might take to escape from an inadvertent encounter with instrument flight rules IFR conditions. POIs should approve methods appropriate to the aircraft, equipment, and facilities available.
When the pilot is authorized to operate an appropriately equipped aircraft and the check is conducted at a location where an ILS is operational, demonstrate an ILS approach.
POIs may also approve a letdown on partial panel when this would be an appropriate course of action. Any two non-precision approaches authorized by the OpSpecs may be accomplished at the discretion of the inspector or check airman conducting the check. Table , Part Checking Modules—Helicopters. Both the pilot in command PIC and second in command SIC may be evaluated performing their assigned duties in these events simultaneously when the check pilot is not seated at the controls.
This will include a simulated night vision goggle NVG failure with appropriate recovery procedures. May be waived at the discretion of the principal operations inspector POI and the check airman when the check is not conducted in conjunction with initial new-hire or initial equipment training.
This maneuver is only required if the certificate holder is operating under part This maneuver may be waived at the discretion of the POI and check airman when the check is not conducted in conjunction with initial new-hire or initial equipment training. See Volume 5, Chapter 3, Section 5. In multiengine helicopters, an engine-out instrument landing system ILS may be substituted for the normal ILS at the option of the inspector or check airman administering the check. The event should reflect a realistic course of action the pilot might take to escape from an encounter with inadvertent instrument meteorological conditions IMC.
Training and checking must provide emphasis on avoidance of inadvertent instrument flight rules IFR , including the discipline and decisionmaking required to divert, make a precautionary landing, or make an emergency transition to IFR, as appropriate to the circumstances. This event must include attitude instrument flying, recovery from unusual attitudes, navigation, air traffic control ATC communications, and at least one instrument approach.
If the aircraft is appropriately equipped and the check is conducted at a location where an ILS is operational, demonstrate an ILS approach. Partial panel operations should be considered if attitude and gyroscopic heading information are available from single sources. Any two non-precision approaches authorized by the operation specification OpSpecs may be accomplished at the discretion of the inspector or check airman conducting the check.
This section contains direction and guidance concerning qualification curriculum segments and qualification modules. A qualification curriculum segment is the final segment of each of the six categories of training defined in Volume 3, Chapter 19, Section 1.
Primary Objectives. Guidance Application. The guidance in this section applies to the development and approval of qualification curriculum segments for both part and training curriculum.
In general, equivalent qualification modules are required by both of these regulatory parts. Differences do exist, however, between part and curriculum segments in both terminology and details. When the guidance in this section applies specifically to one flightcrew duty position or regulatory part, the duty position or regulatory part will be specified. Qualification curriculum segments are composed of qualification modules.
Qualification modules are generally divided into testing, checking, and experience modules. The segment of a specified curriculum that begins when formal training has been completed, and ends when the airman is fully qualified to perform unsupervised and without restriction in revenue service.
Any form of examination of knowledge or skill, whether oral, written, or practical. Specifically, a practical skills test. For flightcrew members, a check consists of physical manipulation of aircraft controls in real time. The proficiency or competency check listed in a qualification segment of a curriculum outline required for qualification in the basic duties of an airman position.
A check conducted to qualify an airman for an additional level of responsibility or skill, beyond that of the basic crew position. An operation conducted in revenue service that is either under supervision or under restriction, and is measured in flight hours or in the number of repetitions of an event. LOFT is a module of training conducted in a simulator after completion of a basic checking module to satisfy the requirements of part appendix H. Experience Modules. Title 14 CFR requires that experience modules be completed before a crewmember perform unsupervised and without restriction in revenue service.
Other experience modules are required for special authorizations or to reestablish currency. The content of a qualification curriculum segment for part operations is almost entirely controlled by regulation.
A part operator may, however, use more than one means of accomplishing these requirements. For example, an operator could conduct checks for most categories of training in a C-level simulator. In such a case, the operator would be required to conduct a LOFT training module after the completion of the basic checking module. An operator that uses an A-level simulator would be required to conduct the basic checking module in the simulator and a second module in the airplane.
The requirements of a part competency check are not specified in 14 CFR, but are left to the discretion of the Administrator and the check airman conducting the check. To ensure that a clear understanding exists between the operator and the Federal Aviation Administration FAA , the principal operations inspector POI should require that the operator list each element or event in a qualification module along with the device to be used. All flightcrew members must hold specific certificates and ratings before performing duties in part revenue service.
Second in Command SIC. Flight Engineer FE. All pilots must hold specific certificates and ratings before performing duties in part revenue service. If a pilot does not hold the required certificates, then SICs must hold at least the following: A. Pilot Certification Requirements—Airplanes. Pilot certification requirements for part airplane operations depend on the kind of operation being conducted and the type of airplane used.
Pilot Certification Requirements—Helicopters. Section VFR Requirements. IFR Requirements. The basic checking modules for both parts and are composed of two parts. One part consists of the written or oral test elements and the other part consists of the flight check events. Although they are distinct and separate parts, when combined they make up a single checking module.
Basic Checking Module Content. The subject areas that must be addressed in the written or oral test for the part basic checking module are described in part appendix F. These regulations require a written or oral test element as a distinct part of the basic checking module. The basic checking modules required for parts and are further discussed in paragraphs and respectively. Performance Standards. In part and operations, a higher standard of proficiency may be required than that required for initial pilot certification.
The standard required for basic checks is at least that required for obtaining the certificate which must be held to act as a PIC. B through D. A through D. C through H.
Start Procedures. Pretakeoff checks. With powerplant failure. ME Only. Rejected takeoff. Short field. SE Only. Only Area departure. Approaches to stalls. Powerplant failure. Normal ILS approach. Engine-out ILS. Coupled approach. Non-precision approach. Second non-precision approach. Missed approach from an ILS. Second missed approach. Circling approach.
Volume 3 GENERAL TECHNICAL ADMINISTRATION
The OST characterization of wet lease does not necessarily make the lessor responsible for operational control, which is one of the safety considerations to a wet lease when assessed by the FAA. Paragraphs through This section of the Handbook applies only to the wet lease of any aircraft between U. The lessor must submit a copy of the lease arrangement or a written memorandum of the terms of the lease to the certificate-holding district office CHDO for processing. Principal inspectors PI immediately review the lease arrangement to ensure that it is complete.
8900.1 - Flight Standards Information Management System