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The heavily symbolic frontispiece to Eikon Basilike. London: — CCD. The story of his downfall is soon told; his belief in the Divine Right of Kings and apparent Catholic sympathies led to unpopularity with the people and Parliament, the ultimate result of which was Civil War from In he was imprisoned and refused to give in to the demands of his captors for a constitutional monarchy, and when Oliver Cromwell took control of the country in , his fate was sealed.
The King said:. Whoever the author, Eikon Basilike The Royal Portrait was immensely popular, and appeared in many editions by the end of the year. The Library holds over fifty copies of the text, in various languages, most of which are gathered together at the classmark CCA-E.
The sixty-five volumes shelved at CCA-E. It is now generally agreed that Gauden is likely to have compiled the text using some authentic writings of the King as a foundation. The majority of the collection fifty nine volumes was given to the Library by Francis Falconer Madan over a period of more than three decades, between and The younger Madan was the author of what remains the most extensive study of the Eikon , based on his own collection begun by his father and published by the Oxford Bibliographical Society in At the core of the collection is around fifty copies of the Eikon printed in England or on the continent in or , of which thirty seven edition are in English.
The text was suppressed by Parliament, so it was illegal for printers to print it and for booksellers to sell it. Given the secrecy with which copies of the text had to be produced, establishing the order in which the various editions appeared and by whom they were printed is not an easy task.
Consequently the identification of printers with particular anonymous editions has often been achieved by comparing their decorative initials and type with those of known printers of the day.
Many copies are pocket-sized, which allowed them to be easily concealed by their owners. Editions also appeared in Latin, French, German and Dutch. There are further copies of the text scattered throughout the library in other distinct collections, including the Royal Library the collection of Bishop John Moore, presented by King George I in , the library of Sir Geoffrey Keynes acquired in and that of the Rousseau scholar R.
Leigh acquired between and Transcribed into the back of this copy CCD. Solly wrote a short article on the Eikon , published in the Bibliographer in , but his hopes of compiling a more detailed study were cut short by his death three years later. Several volumes in our collection once belonged to Charles Edward Doble , Assistant Secretary to the Oxford University Press, and two contain the bookplate of Edward Almack himself.
After training to be a barrister, then turning to medicine, he became an Egyptologist and left some of his rare books to the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge. His papers are in the University Library.
A number of the volumes were owned by women. The sombre binding rear board of CCE. This binding is a mere mm tall. Interestingly, two copies of the same edition CCC. This collection, largely the gift of F. Madan, is a resource of immeasurable wealth for those interested in the Eikon. The large number of different editions in one library allows one to study and understand the way in which the various editions were produced, and copy-specific features including bindings, bookplates and annotations allow one to find out how the books were used, received and thought of by readers from the seventeenth century through to the twentieth.
III, The first edition is in three issues, and it is suggested that the first was an advance copy, the second was sold by hawkers and the third was the first to appear in the shops.
The edition has not been ascertained, but it is clearly early sixteenth century, and from a relatively large volume there are two columns to a page, each being 89mm wide, not including printed marginalia. I am currently making a PhD on Eikon Basilike and its reception. Did readers leave any marks? Thank you for your comment. I have recently bought an oil painting from a car boot sale that is the exact same as the Eikon Basilike picture that is in this article.
The canvas I have seems to be very very old,i have had someone look at the wood that is in the canvas and have been told that it is over years old. Your picture is the only I can find on the internet and I would love more information on my oil painting. Great article. I was wondering if the style of printing is known? The development of mezzotint in was distinctive because it introduced a way to produce tones or varying shades of black.
From what I have read though, it seems that the frontispiece was woodblock; but would that technique apply to the rest of the book? Probably not. Most likely only for illustrations.
The main body of the work was probably metal movable type since it was introduced in Any information would be wonderful. Thanks Bill.
As far as I know the frontispiece is engraved i. Hi there, we think we might have a first edition of this book and would love to send pictures of it incase you can confirm! Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Facebook Twitter. Best regards, V. Liam Sims. Vanessa, Thank you for your comment. Best wishes, Liam. Hi Liam I have recently bought an oil painting from a car boot sale that is the exact same as the Eikon Basilike picture that is in this article.
The canvas I have seems to be very very old,i have had someone look at the wood that is in the canvas and have been told that it is over years old Your picture is the only I can find on the internet and I would love more information on my oil painting Reply. Bill Sitkin. I am looking for some critical material on the text.
Can you help me with that. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
It was published on 9 February , ten days after the King was beheaded by Parliament in the aftermath of the English Civil War in Written in a simple, moving and straightforward style in the form of a diary , the book combines irenic prayers urging the forgiveness of Charles's executioners with a justification of royalism and the King's political and military programme that led to the Civil War. It is by no means certain that Charles wrote the book. After the Restoration , John Gauden , bishop of Worcester , claimed to have written it. Scholars continue to disagree about the merits of this claim, though assuming that if Gauden wrote it, he had access to Charles's papers when he did so.
On January 27, , Charles I, the anointed King of England, was condemned for treason by a "high court of justice" and sentenced to death by execution. Two days later, under heavy armed guard, Charles walked from St. James' Palace to Whitehall, stepped onto the scaffold, and with a short speech and the mysterious last whispered word "Remember," was executed. To an England caught in the turmoil of a political and religious war, the king's death resulted in a reemergence of a popular royalist sentiment.
Anon's 'Eikon Basilike'
This text was copied from Wikipedia on 29 May at AM. It was published on 9 February , ten days after the King was beheaded by Parliament in the aftermath of the English Civil War in Written in a simple, moving and straightforward style in the form of a diary , the book combines irenic prayers urging the forgiveness of Charles's executioners with a justification of royalism and the King's political and military programme that led to the Civil War. It is by no means certain that Charles wrote the book. After the Restoration , John Gauden , bishop of Worcester , claimed to have written it. Scholars continue to disagree about the merits of this claim, though assuming that if Gauden wrote it, he had access to Charles's papers when he did so. Jeremy Taylor is also said to have had a hand in its revision, and to be the source of its title; an earlier draft bore the name Suspiria Regalia , the "Royal Sighs".