In discussing the book at a recent Kennan Institute lecture, Suvorov contradicted traditional theories about Soviet planning before the German invasion of the USSR in and argued for a revised view of Stalin's real intentions behind his controversial support for Nazi Germany. According to Suvorov, Stalin's strategy leading up to World War II grew from Lenin's belief that if World War I did not ignite the worldwide Communist revolution, then a second world war would be needed to achieve it. Suvorov claimed that Stalin saw Nazi Germany as the power that would fight and weaken capitalist countries so that Soviet armies could then sweep across Europe. Suvorov believes that to this end, Stalin conspired with German leaders to bypass the Treaty of Versailles, which forbade German rearmament, by secretly training German engineers and officers and providing bases and factories for war. Suvorov explained how his book seeks to debunk the theory that Stalin was duped by Hitler and that the Soviet Union was a victim of Nazi aggression.
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Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Bestselling author Victor Suvorov probes newly released Soviet documents and reevaluates existing material to analyse Stalin's strategic design to conquer Europe and the reasons behind his controversial support for Nazi Germany. A former Soviet army intelligence officer, the author explains that Stalin's strategy leading up to World War II grew from Vladimir Lenin's belief that if World War I did not ignite the worldwide Communist revolution, then a second world war would be needed to achieve it.
Stalin saw Nazi Germany as the power that would fight and weaken capitalist countries so that Soviet armies could then sweep across Europe.
Suvorov reveals how Stalin conspired with German leaders to bypass the Versailles Treaty, which forbade German rearmament, and secretly trained German engineers and officers and provided bases and factories for war.
He also calls attention to the nonaggression pact between the Soviet Union and Germany that allowed Hitler to proceed with his plans to invade Poland, fomenting war in Europe.
Suvorov debunks the theory that Stalin was duped by Hitler and that the Soviet Union was a victim of Nazi aggression. Instead, he makes the case that Stalin neither feared Hitler nor mistakenly trusted him. Suvorov maintains that after Germany occupied Poland, defeated France, and started to prepare for an invasion of Great Britain, Hitler's intelligence services detected the Soviet Union's preparations for a major war against Germany.
This detection, he argues, led to Germany's preemptive war plan and the launch of an invasion of the USSR. Stalin emerges from the pages of this book as a diabolical genius consumed by visions of a worldwide Communist revolution at any cost-a leader who wooed Hitler and Germany in his own effort to conquer the world.
In contradicting traditional theories about Soviet planning, the book is certain to provoke debate among historians throughout the world. Read more Read less. Review "A provocative study A highly controversial study, Suvorov's book is nevertheless well researched and warrants further examination into this critical period in the history of the war.
A Soviet army officer who served in military intelligence, he defected in to the United Kingdom, where he worked as an intelligence analyst and lecturer. He lives in England. No customer reviews. How does Amazon calculate star ratings? The machine learned model takes into account factors including: the age of a review, helpfulness votes by customers and whether the reviews are from verified purchases.
Review this product Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon. Verified Purchase. When you read his book, it challenges your view of what you have been told about the history of the 20th century.
John Kennedy in After Lane, most Americans have been skeptical, and not only about the murders in Dallas, but about many official government explanations of events. Much of 20th century history revolves around the events of the two world wars.
WWI strained all the combatant nations, but the Czarist Empire was the first to falter. A moderate revolution occurred, but Russia remained in the war. On 30 August a young woman shot Lenin, but he remained the dominant figure of the regime. Not the only figure, however. The attempt of the Red Army to reconquer Imperial Warsaw and Poland for the new Communist state failed some state Stalin withheld reserves at a crucial point from Tukhachevski, who was then leading the Red assault on the West.
Poland, with French aid, remained free until In the battle for Tsaritsyn, the industrial city on the Volga, , Trotsky thought it best to receive help against the whites from Czarist officers who were willing to serve the Red Army.
Stalin disagreed. When Stalin discovered these officers were all on a boat in the river, he had the boat sunk, eliminating the Czarist officers. Trotsky, founder of the Red Army, saw how his orders were already being flouted by Stalin in , but as the Reds won the battle, Stalin became the hero. Later, Stalin would plan the assault that would bring his homeland, Georgia, from independence back into the Russian fold, by then, the Soviet fold.
Lenin suffered a stroke on 25 May , and Suvorov notes that Stalin already held sufficient power that he could isolate the invalided Lenin.
Stalin may not have yet grasped total power, but he was already the strongest among equals, and his position grew even stronger with the death of Lenin in January Suvorov contends that Stalin, like many other Bolsheviks, believed that the Communists needed Germany and the West to join the Communist cause. Of course, he was not alone in this belief, and in there were Communist uprisings in Germany and Hungary. Bela Kun led the Red revolt in Hungary, and he aimed for his army to defeat enemies in the countryside and link up with the new Russian Bolshevik state.
Similarly, in winter-spring a Bavarian Soviet Republic was proclaimed in Munich, and its leaders hoped to link with Hungary and Russia. But not all Bavarians were sympathetic to the new soviet republic. Its leader, Kurt Eisner, was quickly assassinated on 21 February A History Channel program showed a film of those marching in the funeral procession on behalf of Eisner, the Jewish Marxist who had led the new government.
One, a representative of his army soviet, was Adolf Hitler. Because the leading capitalist nations were literally at war against the Communists, the Reds took steps to counter and dispel the threat.
So the Russian Communist government established the Communist International, aiming to set up Communist parties in all nations both above ground, and secret underground parties all over the world. The Comintern would coordinate policy so all were in step. Workers of all nations, unite! This was not simply a decision of Stalin, but of many leaders at that time, including Trotsky.
The Comintern sent many leaders to Germany to promote this revolutionary putsch, including Bela Kun in Red Russia after the failure of the Hungarian revolution. But on the day selected, there was no Communist uprising in Germany. Suvorov maintains the putsch was a joint operation between Nazis and Communists.
With its failure and his arrest, Hitler changed tactics. He decided he would henceforth seek power, not by coup, but through the democratic process, using his skills as orator and politician. Was there collaboration between Communists and Nazis in the putsch? The German orator who had marched in support of the fallen Bavarian Soviet Jewish leader in ? The s continued with continuing failures to overthrow the Weimar Republic, and general failure to expand world revolution. To survive as a socialist state in a hostile, capitalist world, Stalin pushed for massive industrialization.
When most successful farmers were reluctant to provide their crops to the government for low or no prices, they were portrayed as greedy, rich, enemies of the people, enemies of industrialization, etc. They were deemed kulaks, and all their crops, their seeds, their farm animals confiscated. They were left to starve or freeze; many were rounded up on freight trains and transported to Siberia with few belongings.
There they could starve or freeze or both. There was even some cannibalism. Farms were collectivized under appropriate party-member leadership. Up to 5 million Ukrainians died due to these murderous policies. Meanwhile, through the s and early 30s, Germany, crippled by the Versailles Treaty had a small professional army, smaller than that of most of its neighbors.
To evade provisions of that treaty, German pilots Germany was not permitted to have an airforce were allowed to train in the USSR. Similarly, German military leaders were permitted to hold maneuvers with tanks in the Soviet Union again Versailles denied Germans the right to have tanks. Many general works of history explain this simply as the mutual interest of the two leading rogue nations of that era.
Suvorov places a different spin on the issue: Stalin, harking back to Lenin: the way to expand Communism in the West was through another major war. The best way to promote a new war was to encourage Germany by stressing the injustice of Versailles. Suvorov thinks Stalin read Mein Kampf and believed that the German orator might start the war that the Communists judged necessary to spark world revolution.
Thus, Stalin permitted German pilots and tankers and military maneuvers on Soviet soil. It was more than the common interest of 2 rogue nations; one sought to destroy the Versailles Treaty; the other sought WWII. It was 2 nations with partial common interests. Oh, perhaps 5 million starved but they were just kulaks , and ever more were engulfed in slavery or death in gulags, but the Soviet Union advanced.
With the Great Depression beginning in , the great nations of the West suffered ever higher unemployment and economic collapse. Although some Western corporations negotiated deals with the Soviets, and the Fabian Socialists Beatrice and Sidney Webb wrote their glowing paean to Soviet Civilization, and though Stalin had starved millions to industrialize and build socialism in one country, what was being produced in that new civilization?
Soviet newspapers and media continually printed congratulatory reports of increased production of this and that. But consumer items seemed as scarce as ever. With the help of spies in the West in some cases; and in others by using plans and blueprints of corporations doing business with the USSR, Soviet scientists and engineers were told to use these as a basis and improve upon them.
Back to the gulag? Suvorov writes that by the early s the Soviets were already producing the best tanks in the world; by the mids, the best strategic bombers; the best howitzers, the best this and that military hardware. Suvorov relates how Stalin vacillated on whether he should develop and mass produce the heavy strategic bombers. A few models were produced, and they could fly higher, with more bombs than any other bomber of the era. Mass produced, it would surely provide the USSR with a major advantage in case of war, destroying enemy cities, bridges, infrastructure, and industrial targets.
But did Stalin really want to destroy the cities and facilities of the enemy? Would it not be better to capture than to destroy them? Suvorov compares the Soviet planes developed for such a surprise attack with those developed independently by the Japanese for their surprises of December With this assurance, Stalin then seemingly reversed policy.
He broke off talks with the West, and quickly signed the non-aggression pact with Hitler. Only Hitler was condemned as the aggressor.
Why did the West declare war only on Germany?
The Chief Culprit : Stalin's Grand Design to Start World War II
Would you like to tell us about a lower price? If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Bestselling author Victor Suvorov probes newly released Soviet documents and reevaluates existing material to analyse Stalin's strategic design to conquer Europe and the reasons behind his controversial support for Nazi Germany. A former Soviet army intelligence officer, the author explains that Stalin's strategy leading up to World War II grew from Vladimir Lenin's belief that if World War I did not ignite the worldwide Communist revolution, then a second world war would be needed to achieve it. Stalin saw Nazi Germany as the power that would fight and weaken capitalist countries so that Soviet armies could then sweep across Europe. Suvorov reveals how Stalin conspired with German leaders to bypass the Versailles Treaty, which forbade German rearmament, and secretly trained German engineers and officers and provided bases and factories for war. He also calls attention to the nonaggression pact between the Soviet Union and Germany that allowed Hitler to proceed with his plans to invade Poland, fomenting war in Europe.
Viktor Suvorov . Chief Culprit: Stalin’s Grand Design to Start World War II
Of Russian-Ukrainian ancestry, Suvorov attended Russian military schools, was a veteran of the armed forces including the invasion of Czechoslovakia , and had worked as a Soviet military intelligence officer in the Soviet Union. While next working as an intelligence agent for the UK, Suvorov began his writing career, publishing his first non-fiction books in the s about his own experiences and the structure of Soviet military, intelligence, and secret police. He writes in Russian. A number of his books have been translated into English, including his semi-autobiographical The Liberators Among his works is Icebreaker s , based on an analysis of Soviet military investments, diplomatic maneuvers, Politburo speeches and other circumstantial evidence. He argued that Operation Barbarossa was a preemptive strike by Hitler as a response to Stalin's plans for invasion; this claim has been disputed by many historians in Germany. Suvorov has also written a number of subsequent books about the war.
Chief Culprit: Stalin's Grand Design to Start World War II