CARTEA EGIPTEANA A MORTILOR PDF

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Return to Book Page. Dintre toate popoarele antice, egiptenii au dovedit cea mai constanta preocupare fata de problema mortii si a enigmelor ei, fapt ce si-a pus amprenta pe intreaga lor viata sociala si spirituala conferindu-i o unicitate stranie si inimitabila. In perspectiva gandirii lor, cu ajutorul unor procedee ma "Egiptenii sunt cei mai credinciosi dintre toti oamenii" - spunea Herodot.

In perspectiva gandirii lor, cu ajutorul unor procedee magice, bazate, in principal, pe o adevarata stiinta a secretelor logosului, moartea putea fi controlata si subordonata. Stradaniile de descifrare a misterului mortii s-au concretizat in reteaua de centre de cult, adevarate scoli initiatice, ce impanzeau intreg cuprinsul Egiptului. Scopul acestor eforturi, uneori extrem de costisitoare, era depasirea pragului, impus de conditia umana, dintre viata si moarte, pentru a supravietui intr-o alta dimensiune, intr-un Egipt ideal, sustinut de atotputernicia zeilor, "triumfand" asupra mortii prin fortarea barierelor ce se interpun intre existenta efemera, pamanteana, si viata eterna din Tara Vesnicia.

Pe langa ritualurile de pregatire a trupului celui decedat in vederea efectuarii calatoriei postume a sufletului ce se desparte de trup, se puneau in mormant texte continand formule magice, "cuvinte de putere", rugaciuni, un "ghid" care sa-l indrume spre a ajunge la tinta suprema, respectiv, de a se odihni la "sanul lui Ra", "in preajma lui Osiris". Totalitatea acestor texte, scrise, de obicei, pe papirusuri asezate in cutele bandajelor mumiei, alaturi de aceasta, sau inscriptionate chiar pe una dintre fasiile de panza ce infasau mortul, alcatuiesc ceea ce a fost numit Cartea Egipteana a Mortilor.

Cartea Egipteana a Mortilor a fost publicata, pentru prima oara, in anul de catre Karl Richard Lepsius, iar titlul in germana, Todtenbuch desi considerat impropriu, a fost adoptat de egiptologia oficiala.

Lucrarea savantului german cuprindea de "formule", numite de el capitole, reprezentand o traducere a unui papirus pastrat la Torino, la care, ulterior, li s-au adaugat alte texte ce prezentau caracteristici de continut asemanatoare.

In prezent, Cartea se compune din de texte numite, conventional, capitole, provenite din epoci diferite dar care, inca din antichitate, de prin secolul al XVI-lea i. Unele dintre capitole au anexata o "rubrica", numita astfel din cauza ca era scrisa cu cerneala rosie. Aceste texte adaugite contin fie indicatii de magie rituala, fie date istorice asupra locului si imprejurarilor in care au fost descoperite inscriptiile respective.

Initial, supravietuirea postuma era un privilegiu de care se puteau bucura numai faraonii si cei din preajma lor. Faptul acesta a starnit adanci nemultumiri astfel ca, la sfarsitul domniei lui Pepi al II-lea, ultimul rege din dinastia a VI-a c. Urmarea acestei "revolutii" ce a marcat sfarsitul Regatului Vechi, a fost ca, de atunci, pe toata durata Egiptului antic, destinul postum solar le-a devenit accesibil tuturor egiptenilor, indiferent de locul pe care-l ocupau in ierarhia sociala.

Chiar daca au fost inserate intr-o anumita ordine, textele Cartii nu au continuitate si nici unitate. In schimb, scopul lor este comun: de a ajuta sufletul raposatului in "marea trecere" spre viata vesnica din Lumea de Dincolo, punandu-i la indemana instructiuni, povete, descantece, formule magice si rugaciuni. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published by Herald first published More Details Original Title. Other Editions 1.

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Cartea egipteana a mortilor

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