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Em estudos recentes, os quais avaliaram conjuntamente 1. Ecocardiograma tridimensional. Potencial Conflito de Interesses. Fontes de Financiamento. Prevalence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a general population of young adults: echocardiographic analysis of subjects in the CARDIA study. J Am Coll Cardiol. The years history, controversy, and clinical implications of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in hipertrophic cardiomyopathy from idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: from idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Arq Bras Cardiol. Teare D. Asymmetrical hypertrophy of the heart in young adults. Br Heart J. Brock R. Functional obstruction of the left ventricle; acquired aortic subvalvar stenosis. Guys Hosp Rep. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Goodwin JF. The frontiers of cardiomyopathy. The circulatory response of patients with idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis: to nitroglycerin and to the Valsalva maneuver.
Idiopathic ventricular septal hypertrophy causing muscular subaortic stenosis. The mechanism of the intraventricular pressure gradient in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis. Pressure gradients without obstruction: a new concept of "hypertrophic subaortic stenosis". Angiographic anatomy of left ventricle and mitral valve in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
Ultrasound localization of left ventricular outflow obstruction in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: the importance of the site and the extent of hypertrophy: a review.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis. Systolic anterior motion begins at low left ventricular outflow tract velocity in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Reflections of inflections in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Effect of obstruction on longitudinal left ventricular shortening in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Papillary muscle displacement causes systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve.
Experimental validation and insights into the mechanism of subaortic obstruction. The case for surgery in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Abnormal papillary muscle morphology is independently associated with increased left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Phenotypic spectrum of left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: morphologic observations and significance as assessed by two-dimensional echocardiography in patients. Luckie M, Khattar RS. Systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve - beyond hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Mitral valve abnormalities identified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance represent a primary phenotypic expression of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Effect of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction on clinical outcome in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. N Engl J Med. Evaluation of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy by exercise stress echocardiography: new methodology. Rev Port Cardiol. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is predominantly a disease of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.
Mattos BP. Elliott P, Spirito P. Prevention of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-related deaths: theory and practice. Significance of postprandial symptom exacerbation in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Am J Cardiol. The prognostic importance of left ventricular outflow obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy varies in relation to the severity of symptoms. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with latent obstruction.
Am Heart J. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and sudden death risk in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Eur Heart J. Left ventricular outflow tract gradient variability in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin Cardiol. Spontaneous variability of left ventricular outflow tract gradient in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
Variability of left ventricular outflow tract gradient during cardiac catheterization in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: do we need to stand to be counted. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. Standing and exercise Doppler echocardiography in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: the range of gradients with upright activity. Dimitrow PP, Cotrim C.
Exercise echocardiography in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Eur J Echocardiogr. Comparison of Valsalva manoeuvre and exercise in echocardiographic evaluation of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Left ventricular outflow tract gradient provoked by upright position or exercise in treated patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy without obstruction at rest.
Prevalence of exercise-induced left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in symptomatic patients with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Evaluation of left ventricular outflow tract gradient during treadmill exercise and in recovery period in orthostatic position, in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Cardiovasc Ultrasound. Timing and significance of exercise-induced left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradients in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Morise AP. Exercise testing in nonatherosclerotic heart disease: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease and arrhythmias. Prognostic significance of exercise induced arrhythmias and echocardiographic variables in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmias and risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Role of transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, New York Heart Association functional class III or IV, and outflow obstruction only under provocable conditions. Expanding the indications for septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: results of operation in patients with latent obstruction.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. Doppler tissue imaging: regional myocardial function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and in athlete's heart. Left ventricular diastolic function assessed using Doppler tissue imaging in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: relation to symptoms and exercise capacity.
Relationship between outflow obstruction and left ventricular functional impairment in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a Doppler echocardiographic study. Rev HCPA. Mechanisms of exercise intolerance in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Delayed untwisting: the mechanistic link between dynamic obstruction and exercise tolerance in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
Delayed left ventricular untwisting in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Left ventricular longitudinal systolic function after alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyophathy: a long-term follow-up study focused on speckle-tracking echocardiography. Value of real time three-dimensional echocardiography in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: comparison with two-dimensional echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging.
Assessment of left ventricular outflow in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy using anyplane and paraplane analysis of three-dimensional echocardiography. Impact of left ventricular outflow tract area on systolic outflow velocity in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic study. Asymmetry of systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: a real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic study.
Dynamic change of mitral apparatus as potential cause of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Cardiac magnetic resonance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy phenotype revisited after 50 years with cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Assessment and significance of left ventricular mass by cardiovascular magnetic resonance in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Left ventricular outflow tract planimetry by cardiovascular magnetic resonance differentiates obstructive from non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. Steep left ventricle to aortic root angle and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: study of a novel association using three-dimensional multimodality imaging.
Toward clinical risk assessment in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with gadolinium cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Occurrence and frequency of arrhythmias in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in relation to delayed enhancement on cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Prognostic significance of myocardial fibrosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Myocardial scar visualized by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging predicts major adverse events in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Characteristics and clinical significance of late gadolinium enhancement by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
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