Tagetes erecta , the Mexican marigold or Aztec marigold ,  is a species of the genus Tagetes native to Mexico. Despite its being native to the Americas, it is often called African marigold. The Aztecs gathered the wild plant as well as cultivating it for medicinal, ceremonial and decorative purposes. It is widely cultivated commercially with many cultivars in use as ornamental plants ,  and for the cut-flower trade. Some authorities regard Tagetes patula the French marigold as a synonym of Tagetes erecta. The root is cylindrical, pivoting, with a fibrous and shallow branching system.
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Tagetes is a genus  of annual or perennial , mostly herbaceous plants in the sunflower family Asteraceae. It was described as a genus by Carl Linnaeus in The genus is native of south of Mexico, but some species have become naturalized around the world. One species, T. Tagetes species vary in size from 0. Most species have pinnate green leaves. Blooms naturally occur in golden, orange, yellow, and white colors, often with maroon highlights. In horticulture , they tend to be planted as annuals , although the perennial species are gaining popularity.
They have fibrous roots. Depending on the species, Tagetes species grow well in almost any sort of soil. Most horticultural selections grow best in soil with good drainage, even though some cultivars are known to have good tolerance to drought. The name Tagetes is from the name of the Etruscan Tages , born from the plowing of the earth.
The common name in English, marigold, is derived from Mary's gold , a name first applied to a similar plant native to Europe, Calendula officinalis. The most commonly cultivated varieties of Tagetes are known variously as African marigolds usually referring to cultivars and hybrids of Tagetes erecta , or French marigolds usually referring to hybrids and cultivars of Tagetes patula , many of which were developed in France.
The so-called signet marigolds are hybrids derived mostly from Tagetes tenuifolia. Depending on the species, marigold foliage has a musky, pungent scent, though some varieties have been bred to be scentless. It is said to deter some common insect pests, as well as nematodes.
Tagetes species are hence often used in companion planting for tomato , eggplant , chili pepper , tobacco , and potato. Due to antibacterial thiophenes exuded by the roots, Tagetes should not be planted near any legume crop.
It is commonly cultivated in South Africa , where the species is also a useful pioneer plant in the reclamation of disturbed land. The florets of Tagetes erecta are rich in the orange-yellow carotenoid lutein and are used as a food colour INS number Eb in the European Union for foods such as pasta, vegetable oil, margarine, mayonnaise, salad dressing, baked goods, confectionery, dairy products, ice cream, yogurt, citrus juice and mustard.
In the United States, however, the powders and extracts are only approved as colorants in poultry feed. Marigolds are recorded as a food plant for some Lepidoptera caterpillars including the dot moth , and a nectar source for other butterflies. They are often part of butterfly gardening plantings.
In the wild, many species are pollinated by beetles. It is also used as a culinary herb in many warm climates, as a substitute for tarragon, and offered in the nursery as "Texas tarragon" or "Mexican mint marigold".
Tagetes minuta , native to southern South America, is a tall, upright marigold plant with small flowers used as a culinary herb in Peru, Ecuador, and parts of Chile and Bolivia, where it is called by the Incan term huacatay.
The paste is used to make the popular potato dish called ocopa. It is also used as a medicinal tea in some areas. The marigold was regarded as the flower of the dead in pre-Hispanic Mexico, parallel to the lily in Europe, and is still widely used in the Day of the Dead celebrations.
It is always sold in the markets for daily worships and rituals. The marigold is also widely cultivated in India and Thailand , particularly the species T. Vast quantities of marigolds are used in garlands and decoration for weddings, festivals, and religious events. In Ukraine , chornobryvtsi T. Marigold varieties prepared as offerings to a god during the Hindu festival of Maha Shivaratri.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Enalcida Cass. Solenotheca Nutt. Vilobia Strother Tagetes is a genus  of annual or perennial , mostly herbaceous plants in the sunflower family Asteraceae. Tagetes daucoides Tagetes elliptica Sm. Tagetes elongata Tagetes epapposa Tagetes erecta L. Tagetes foeniculacea Tagetes foetidissima DC. Tagetes hartwegii Greenm. Tagetes iltisiana Rydb. Gray — Mt. Lemmon marigold, Mexican marigold  Tagetes linifolia Tagetes lucida Cav. Tagetes micrantha Cav.
Blake Tagetes multiflora Kunth Tagetes nelsonii Greenm. Tagetes oaxacana Tagetes osteni Tagetes palmeri Tagetes parryi A. Gray Tagetes patula L. Watson Tagetes pusilla Tagetes riojana M. Ferraro Tagetes rupestris Cabrera Tagetes stenophylla B. Tagetes subulata Cerv. Tagetes subvillosa Tagetes tenuifolia Cav. Tagetes zypaquirensis Humb. Orgyia antiqua caterpillar on Tagetes. Tagetes patula Hybrid Marigold. Tagetes patula. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on Retrieved Infrageneric Systematics of Tagetes.
I, Eds. Tagetes L. The New York Botanical Garden illustrated encyclopedia of horticulture. Pour un jardin sans arrosage For a garden without irrigation in French. Arles: Actes Sud. Biosystematics of Tagetes Compositae. Dissertation, University of Texas.
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